Urban Studies Term Paper Sample on Seasonal and Long-term Temperature

Seasonal and Long-term Temperature

Climate change has a significant impact on the ecosystem, economies, as well as communities. Anthropogenic activities have made artificially-induced climate change become the most expansively researched feature of climate (Mohsin & Gough, 2010).  Lack of dependence on natural environment has made residents of Toronto to lose connection to the ecosystem. Thus, Canada’s most populous city has not been spared by the change in climate. Researchers are predicting that by 2050, the summer temperatures in Toronto might rise up to 44oC (“Facing the Change,”2016). Lately, Toronto has been hit by massive storms, which are causing floods in the city.

Although urbanization has contributed in the rise of the annual temperature for the last three decades, the benefits derived from engaging in urban forest ecosystem are rising each day. Autumn temperatures in Toronto vary from 21oC in September and 7oC in November while in winter, day-time temperatures may fall up to -1oC in January (“Toronto Monthly Climate Average,” 2016). The average overnight temperatures recorded throughout winter range from -3oC to -6oC. Change in climate has made summers around Toronto to become hotter and smoggy while annual precipitations are expected to increase owing to warm air holding more moisture.

The well-being of urban people relies on ecosystem services, thus, increase in temperature is likely to affect people’s health through the spread of vector-borne diseases. Tourism activities in Toronto are likely to be affected by climate change when the air is polluted while the urban ecosystems might be affected by heat waves and water pollution. Ecosystem services that are established through urban green space support the ecological veracity of cities, in addition to safeguarding the public health within the urban population (Wolch, Byrne & Newell, 2014). Figure 1 below depicts an urban green strategy that can impact urban temperature in long-term.

Figure 1: Urban green strategy

Climate change incorporates a long-lasting shift in the patterns of weather, thus, the city’s infrastructure needs to be reviewed to withstand such changes. The city need to devise ways to mitigate rise in temperatures and precipitation, which may affect people’s health and lifestyles. Turning to urban green strategy necessitates a careful balancing act, where the urban planners work with ecologists to articulate the best approach to the urban communities.


Facing the Change: Toronto grapples with the effects of extreme weather (2016, Sept. 17). CBC News, Toronto. Retieved on 20 Nov. 2016 from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/day-6-climate-change-toronto-1.3766155

Mohsin, T., & Gough, W. A. (2010). Trend analysis of long-term temperature time series in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). Theoretical & Applied Climatology101(3/4), 311-327. doi:10.1007/s00704-009-0214-x

Toronto Monthly Climate Average, Canada (2016). World Weather Online. Retrieved on 12 November 2016 from https://www.worldweatheronline.com/toronto-weather-averages/ontario/ca.aspx

Wolch, J. R., Byrne, J., & Newell, J. P. (2014). Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’. Landscape and Urban Planning125, 234-244.