Summary, Critical Analysis, and Reflection of the interview


Summary, Critical Analysis and Reflection of the interview

Criminal justice systems are feared by every individual across the world. There is a misconception among people that the criminal justice system’s role is to oppress and torture individuals. However, the reality is different. With various forms of criminal justice systems including juveniles and adult justice systems, it should be noted that justice systems have the role of correcting the bad behavior in criminals. An interview was done to get more information about the criminal justice. The interviewee was Andrew Peters, a business person. Peters has an experience of the criminal justice system and his information was very important during the interview. The interview was done on 10th March, 2014, in a restaurant. It was held within two hours, from 10 am to 12pm. The interview was done orally in order to save time, and Peters responded one-on-one to the questions that were asked. He was happy to respond to all the questions without any resistance or hesitation. Peters was the best choice for the interview as he had an experience or had substantial knowledge about what goes on in criminal justice systems.

The interviewee was resourceful as he provided information about how inmates relate while in prison, and this aided in achieving the objective of the interview which was to understand human relationships within our diverse society. The discussion during the interview touched on whether race was a factor that hindered good relationships among inmates. Peters confirmed that in some way, race played a role in how people related (Reis et al., 2000). He opined that Americans, Europeans, Africans, and Asians grouped themselves in different racial origin where they felt comfortable. For instance, he opined that it was hard to see an inmate of Asian origin relate with an inmate of African origin. The discussion also included information about whether gender has an influence on how inmates or people relate or not. Peters articulated that women were barred from interacting with men, on the basis that, men could sexually harass them. Thus, from the discussion, it is in order to conclude that gender has an influence on how human beings relate within our society (Reis et al., 2000). Other important aspects discussed during the interview with Peters include sexual orientation, class, religious preference, socioeconomic status, and cultural traditions or beliefs. It was found out that each of the mentioned factors had an influence on the relationships among human beings within our society. The most outstanding factor that was found to have an influence on how human beings relate is socioeconomic status. It is rare, in the modern society, to find very poor people of low social class, relating with wealthy people of the high social class (Reis et al., 2000).

From the interview, it can be learnt that human relationships that exist among people do not come naturally. The relationships are influenced or triggered by various factors. For instance, Peters confirmed that wealthy people who were taken to jail were treated in a special way and were alienated from the common inmates. The implication of this is that it made the poor people fear the wealthy people. In fact, the fear at times led to the commission of evil acts that were directed to the wealthy individuals. Apparently, this is similar to the real life situations. It is hard to find good relationships existing between wealth people of high social class and poor people of low social class (Reis et al., 2000).

There are several aspects that both the interviewee and the interviewer learnt from the interviewing process. As the interviewer, a number of topics discussed and the characteristics or qualities of the interviewee amazed me. I learnt from the interviewee that patience is a virtue and that every individual must be patient. Why do I make this conclusion? Peters was a South American, and he confirmed that he had a problem with the inmates because of his race. There are some languages that Peters did not understand and this made other inmates ridicule him. Besides, he was ridiculed because he was colored. Although the sentiments from the inmates did not auger well with him, he had to be patient lest he caused a serious offence while in custody. The virtue of patience paid because a few days later after the ridicule, he was set free, thanks to presidential amnesty. I also learnt from Peters that good relationship is not forced (Duck, 2007). While in custody, Peters could not force the other inmates from different backgrounds to relate well with him. Instead, he kept his cool and left nature and circumstances to take control. Apparently, Peters appeared to be a skilled critical thinker and researcher because of the manner in which he gave out his arguments. Before giving his opinion about an issue, he thought and reasoned critically, and this is the reason for his satisfactory and convincing opinions about the topics that were discussed during the interview.

Through conducting the interview, there are other aspects that were learned. For instance, it was learnt that interviewing, open discourse, and questioning are valuable skills in critical thinking and researching any area of diversity. For one, during an interview, people exchange opinions and share ideas, and before an individual presents his or her ideas, critical thinking is necessary. Secondly, questioning demands that an individual comes up with an answer whether right or wrong. Therefore, before responding to questions, an individual has to think critically, and this is why questioning is a valuable skill in critical thinking.

Critical Research and Vision

Societal oppression occurs in various ways. For instance, in the current world, rich individuals oppress poor individuals because of the difference in social and economic classes (Duck, 2007). It is not a choice for the poor people to be poor nor is it their choice to be born in poor backgrounds. If this kind of oppression is to be brought to an end, then the poor people should be at the same economic and social class as the wealthy people. How can this be achieved? The solution is that, in every country, governments should ensure that there is equitable distribution of resources to every individual. For example, if resources are to be distributed, every person should get an equal share of the resources. Through this, the disparity that exists among people in terms of socioeconomic class will be done away with. Besides, societal oppression by the wealthy individuals towards the poor will have been eradicated. Societal oppression is also witnessed when particular races are considered superior to others (Duck, 2007). For instance, history opines that in America and Africa, racism was a common practice during the pre-colonial and colonial periods, and this resulted in great oppression for the blacks. Although traces of racism and discrimination are still present in the world today, the best solution of doing away with societal oppression, which results from racial discrimination, is illegalizing racial discrimination. People who practice racial discrimination will be at a risk of arrest, hence, the practice will have been eliminated and societal oppression done away with.

People need to live together in harmony in the current world, thus, there is a need to advance human relationships (Duck, 2007). Based on the opinions of Peters, the interviewee, one way of advancing relationships among human beings is ensuring that people communicate in a way that they understand one another. For instance, when in a foreign or new country, two different people with the same language are likely to feel comfortable and free with each other and this will help advance their relationships. Moreover, in advancing relationships among human beings, it is important that people share similar opinions and similar goals in life. There is likelihood that two people dreaming to succeed in life through businesses will have good relationships between them. Good relationships among people lead to harmony and peaceful coexistence among human beings. Every person dreams of living in a peaceful environment, and the stepping stone to this is good relationships among people. We should fight racial discrimination and oppression on the basis of socioeconomic class. People depend on one another in different ways; hence, there is need of peaceful coexistence.


Duck, S. (2007). Human relationships. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.

Reis, H. T., Collins, W. A., & Berscheid, E. (2000). The relationship context of human behavior and development. Psychological bulletin, 126(6), 844.