Familial Risk Factors Promoting Drug Addiction Onset
Drug addiction is one of the greatest problems of modern societies. The problem has been linked to the ease of availability of drugs to the ineffective creation of awareness by the focus groups. The people who are most affected by drug addiction problems are the family members of the drug addicts. Besides dealing with the habits of the addicts, they also have to deal with the society’s response to these habits. There are various reasons why families are considered to be the most influential in drug addiction problems.
First, the interactions between family members should enhance the social capability of individual family members hence preventing them from being influenced into negative habits by their peers. Secondly, it has been shown by research that overprotective mothers tend to produce children who turn up to be addicts in future. The fathers on the other hand are often shown as either weak or brutal and aggressive (Georgas, 2006).
Drug addiction is often associated with adolescence. In most cases, drug addiction is also related to poor parenting skills and lack of surveillance for the adolescents. Negligence of parents and poor inter- parental interactions also contribute a lot towards the development of delinquent children (Stattin and Kerr, 2000). It is the responsibility of parents to follow up on their children’s development and thus ensure that the children are developing effectively in various areas of life such as psychological, emotional and cognitive aspects. The research study aims at finding the relationship between drug addiction and familial relationships. Through the use of a combined qualitative and quantitative approach to research, the study aims at achieving the design objectives. The actual instrument used will be a survey questionnaire.
During the study, a stratified sampling technique was used to identify 164 addicts and 134 non-addicts to act as control subjects. The survey questionnaires were self administered and only those addicts who had completed therapy were allowed to participate. The data collected from the questionnaires was analyzed using descriptive and parametric strategies. The key ethical issues that came up during the study included the need for consent, protection of confidentiality and privacy and voluntary participation.
To address the issue of consent, only the addicts who had completed therapy were requested to participate. In maintaining confidentiality, the identities of the participants and their other details were key confidential. The participants were also issued with letters detailing the objectives of the survey, the research and their role in it should they agree to participate.
The results of the study indicated that various familial factors increased the risk of involvement in drug use and addiction. From the responses, the key factor mentioned was dysfunctional families. According to the results, such families increased the levels of psychological stress on their children leading to lifelong effects. Such effects are often manifested through aspects such as drug addiction.
In addition to this, the level of emotional connection and communication between parents and their children also contributes to the venerability to drug addiction. Children from families where the communication and connection was negative were more vulnerable to addiction. In addition to this, identity problems in the children also resulted in vulnerability to drug addiction. As such, the parents have the responsibility of assisting their children to avoid such implications through constant surveillance (NIDA, 1999).
Georgas, J. (Ed.) (2006). Families and Family Change. Cambridge Catalogue Families across
Cultures. A 30-Nation Psychological Study. Cambridge: University Press
National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). (1999). Drug and Addiction Research. The Sixth
Triennial Report to Congress. Available at: http://archives.drugabuse.gov/STRC/STRCIndex.html
Stattin, H. & Kerr, M. (2000). Parental monitoring: A reinterpretation. Child Development 71
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