Gender inequality is an issue that is deeply engrained into the social, economy, political, and religious structure of the society. Since the ancient times, women were regarded as inferior to men. Women faced many hurdles that hindered them from attaining proper education, job positions, wages, and motivation to attain their dreams. Women were subjected to be child bearers, care givers, and small-scale farmers. However, the rise of feminism has led to a significant change on how women are perceived in the society. Even though the society is yet to completely resolve the issue of gender inequality, great strides have been made towards gender reforms. In the modern era, women continue facing an array of challenges that include: salary disparities, gender discriminated work opportunities, male-dominated government policies, and cultural limitations, among others.
Liberal and Development Feminism
Liberal and development feminism are widely recognized for their efforts in promoting gender equality among men and women. Liberal feminism seeks to ensure that women have the same rights as men (Lorber 9). This form of feminism regards both women and men as indifferent beings, with equal rights to education, work opportunities, and equal wage scales. One of the issues greatly debated on is with regards to salary disparities between men and women occupying the same job position. A woman holding the same job position as a man is bound to receive lower wages. It is for this reason that liberal feminism seeks to fight gender inequality in the job market by using weapons of the civil rights movement (Lorber10). This gender reform movement is set to motivate women to not only pursue their dream careers but also negotiate for salaries after successful interviews. On the other hand, developmental feminism has enabled women to actively play different roles in improving the general economy. Aside from being care givers, developmental feminism uses universal human rights to promote girls’ education, maternity and healthcare for women (Lorber23). However, developmental feminism regards some of the traditional cultural values which provide a platform for men to dominate over women. Thus, it is evidently clear that gender equality is yet to be fully realized by the society that is still troubled with gendered job markets and unequal wage scales.
Lorber, Judith. The variety of feminisms and their contributions to gender equality.Bis, 1997. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=12897771587551385125&hl=en&as_sdt=0,5#d=gs_qabs&p=&u=%23p%3DJVYgbuwW_rIJ