Sample Technology Essay Paper on IT Infrastructure Decision Making

The factors that are essential for IT infrastructure decision making include:

1.    Economic Factors-There has been recent financial crisis globally over the spending incurred by infrastructure expenditure. Infrastructure spending can lead to demand stimulus in the short term. In the long run, however, it can lead to economic growth. IT infrastructures that are well-designed lead to a reduction in costs incurred during trade and facilitate economies of scale (Ouyang, 2014).

2.    Legal Factors-This affects how infrastructure should be provided. IT infrastructure can be provided either by the government, by the private sector under strict government regulation or by the private sector with little government regulation. Legal factors affect pricing and regulation.  In developing countries, their legal systems are usually weak leading to difficulty in making regulation and enforcement.

3.    Demographic Factors-The population size and structure influences demand for IT infrastructure. For example, in urban areas, the youth tend to be the majority. This results in high demand for IT infrastructure. This fosters job creation and improvement in efficiency. This will also be portrayed in populations with a lower dependency ratio as it leads to an increase in the labor force. The high labor race will lead to increased savings and a higher rate of capital formation that includes IT infrastructural development.

4.    Cultural Factors-Culture is an engine which stimulates social development and economic growth. In IT infrastructure decision-making, it is important to strike a balance between achieving the maximum of opportunities that can be realized and preserving the culture of the population.

    A directory service would be more appropriate to meet organizational needs of collective decision making. It is a software program that links directly into core databases. The service is able to manage identities and security of users in a network. A directory service is able to store rich information and provide it to the users in a secure way.  It enables users to control many parameters while in operation. The peer-to-peer network enables users to control many parameters while in operation. However, it is usually associated with internet piracy and illegal sharing of files.

Two network parameters that can be used to help the organization to compile global input data for decision making include:

a)    Network Interface Card (NIC)-It is also known as. The Ethernet Card Network Adopter Card or LAN card. The card allows a computer to communicate with other computers. It is the most important networking device because, without it, no networking can be done. NIC converts data transmission technology. NIC are usually integrated into the motherboard of modern PCs.  However, they are also available independently (Denial, Shakibi, Dinah, 2014). It has been argues that NIC reduces administrative overheads and enhances the security of user information.

b)    HUB-It is used to connect multiple computers that are in a single LAN network. There are two types of HUB; passive HUB and Active HUB.

Recommendations for managing the project can include bearing in mind the political environment in the countries where the nonprofit organization is based. This is important to ensure that the team gets support from the respective governments and that the state of political stability is secure in those countries. It also enable the affairs of the team not to be affected by unfavorable government policies.   The team should also look at the most cost effective way of designing the Information Technology Infrastructure so as to minimize costs and wastage and to maximize on profitability.


Denil, M., Shakibi, B., Dinh, L., & de Fiestas, N. (2013). Predicting parameters in deep learning. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (pp.2148-2156).

Ouyang, M. (2014). Review on modeling and simulation of interdependent critical infrastructure systems. Reliability engineering & System safety, 121, 43-60.