Homework Question on Ethical Issues and Probability
- “Do some searching on the Internet using the key words: Ethical Issues and Probability . Please provide an example of both an unethical and ethical application using probability.
- Explain a little bit about each issue and what the statistics were being collected for and its importance.
- Please integrate a Christian worldview into your work.” Unethical application using probability Unethical application using probability encompasses obscuring data or taking data points that will reflect predetermined findings. For instance, researchers may opt not to include outliers that are useful in validating research work in their reports and or analysis.
- This strategy of carrying out research is considered as cheating and goes against the Christian principles. One of the issues highlighting unethical application using probability involves the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) claim that Pepsi and Coca-Cola drinks sold in the Indian Markets had high levels of pesticide residues. In this context, both the CSE and Coca Companies may have embraced unethical application using probability to assert their claims.
Homework Answer on Ethical Issues and Probability
On the study of ethical issues and probability, there are various applications of the ethical and unethical application of probability. An example of an unethical application of probability is the probability in the experiments of the German doctors from the Nazis in the Second World War. The study was placebo-controlled which resulted to a high statistical significance. The probability highlighted moral decadence as human lives were used in the research on syphilis vaccine.
The slaves were cheated that they were being treated on bad blood rather than they were being used as experiments of the syphilis. In as much as there was penicillin, these people were given aspirin wherever they complained of any health problem. This is contrary to the Kantian rule, which upholds that human lives should be used only in a therapeutic research rather than a harmful research (Lesser & Nordenhaug, 2004).
Additionally, the Nuremburg code was ignored. This implied that the degree of risk was higher than the humanitarian significance of the study. In as much as the objective was for the diagnosis of the sick patients and treatment of future patients, many of the slaves’ lives were either destroyed or wasted. Human dignity was therefore ignored (Lesser & Nordenhaug, 2004). An example of an ethical application of probability is on the study of spread of the HIV/AIDS virus in South Africa.