Sample Sociology Essays On Durkheim Perspective

Homework Question on Durkheim Perspective

  1. From Durkheim’s perspective, what is the relationship between deviance, social solidarity, and collective conscience?
  2. What are the similarities and differences between Durkheim’s “collective conscience” and Weber’s “stratification”?
  3. What do YOU believe is the basis of social order? Explain.

Homework Answer on Durkheim Perspective

Relationship between deviance, social solidarity, and collective conscience

The main issue in Durkheim’s work revolves round the source of social order and disorder. According to this great sociologist, the desires of human being can only be unified by external forces. Durkheim characterizes the external forces as a collective conscience, common social bonds that are only expressible through ideas, norms beliefs and the ideologies of a particular culture. Durkheim explains and elaborates on origins together with the effects of weakened group links.

He explains two classes of solidarity, based on different sources. He contends mechanical solidarity as that which arises due to likeness. The concept turns to its fullest, when collective conscience covers the entire conscience coinciding at the points. The sociologist further explains that the above takes place in traditional societies, which do not contain instances of division of labor. Durkheim adds by saying that the ideas and the tendencies, that are common to all the members in the society are many in number as compared to those that pertain personally to each of the members, this phenomena is called mechanical solidarity.

Homework Help

The people who are ruled together with the values of a particular community are coordinated and create conflict within the individual in an overwhelming and forceful way, in this type of communities there is very little chance to engage in individual doings or even deviance.In the organic solidarity, people assume more special functions and change to become dissimilar in social acts, people within these cohesive cultural systems have little things in common.