Sample Sociology Essay Paper on Seminar held by the Performance and Innovation Unit

Social and economic mobility, in simpler terms, socio-economic mobility gives reference to the movement of people from one social or economic class to another (Aldridge and Admiralty Arch 2). The US is a perfect example of a country where the practice is common, and it is attributed to aspects such as change of jobs and marriages. Arguably, socio-economic mobility is largely affected by the historical timing of a group’s entry into the US. This is because a group that moved into the US earlier than another is at an advantage as it could narrow the occupational gap between it and other native groups in the country. Besides, migrants that are new and have not resided in the US for long are at a disadvantage of overcoming language barriers and adjusting to the new cultures and environment (Aldridge and Admiralty Arch 4). The two ways mentioned underscore the social and economic differences between first and second generations in the US; hence, the argument that historical timing affects socio-economic mobility is irrefutable.

Research and analyses show that the influence on upward mobility or the ability for a group’s monopoly in a given occupation or trade is owed to factors such as race, ethnicity, and control of local politics. In the United States, for example, the rate of upward social mobility is slightly lower among the blacks as compared to the whites (Cole and Safiya 786). Maybe, this is because of the discrimination against the black people that was initially rampant and still got some traces in the country. It should also be noted that in the US, ethnic minorities are at a disadvantage as they are likely to be unemployed and miss out on the equitable distribution of resources, and thus, their upward mobility and ability to control given occupations in the country are jeopardized (Cole and Safiya 787). Furthermore, political dominance and control gives a particular group easier and fast access to economic and social resources. Thus, there is a likelihood of a politically strong group obtaining a better socio-economic class than others, and thus, the argument that control of local politics affects upward mobility is strongly supported.

Works Cited

Aldridge, Stephen, and Admiralty Arch. “Social mobility.” Seminar held by the Performance and Innovation Unit. 2001.

Cole, Elizabeth R., and Safiya R. Omari. “Race, class and the dilemmas of upward mobility for African Americans.” Journal of Social Issues 59.4 (2003): 785-802.