Sample Sociology Coursework Paper on UN Mission in Haiti

UN Mission in Haiti

            Since the beginning of Cold War in 1946, the Haitian political sphere was marred by political violence by political leaders with dictatorial tendencies. The rule of law and democratic principles were set, and in their places, dictatorship and authoritarianism thrived. For several decades, the country lacked a stable and democratic government due to incessant coup d’états. For the first in decades, the country held a democratic presidential election in December 1990. Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected president. However, his tenure was short-lived as he was ousted through a military coup barely a year into his presidency. He went into exile as the country descended in anarchy with the military leaders leading a terror campaign against perceived supporters of the ousted president. This forced the UN Security Council to pass a resolution that saw thousands of peacekeepers sent to the country in 1994. The first mission was tasked with stabilizing the country economically, politically, and socially. A semblance of democracy returned to the country with successive elections conducted in the country for the first time in several decades.

            However, in early 2004, conflict and war broke out in some parts of Haiti following the resignation of its leaders including Aristide who had returned from exile. The conflict soon spread throughout the country leading to the reinstatement of the UN mission in the country in 2004 under a new tag, UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (UNSTAMIH) to succeed Multinational Interim Force (MIF). With up to 2,533 police officers and 2,366 military officers, UNSTAMIH was tasked with stabilizing the country by ensuring a return of the rule of law. Following the devastating 2010 earthquake that hit the country, the mandate of UNSTAMIH was extended to October 2017 with the added mission of helping to rebuild the nation’s infrastructure. The mission, whose personnel numbers were increased in 2010, was also tasked with recovery following the earthquake. While its mission ended, the UN still has personnel in the country to monitor rights issues in addition to supporting the local law enforcement officers (United Nations Peacekeeping, 2018; UN, n.d). The mission highlighted the important role the UN plays in conflict resolution and development of democratic pillars of the global society.

References

United Nations Peacekeeping. (2018). MINUSTAH Fact Sheet. Retrieved from: https://peacekeeping.un.org/en/mission/minustah

UN. (n.d). “MIssion des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation en Haiti”. United Nations. Retrieved from: http://minustah.org/?page_id=7858