Sample Research Paper on The Baltic Sea

The contemporary world houses open, closed, and semi-enclosed postglacial seas that
offer Aeolian paleoenvironments. The Baltic Sea provides an excellent example of a semi-
enclosed postglacial and intercontinental shelf basin (Gräwe et al., 2019). The sea evidences little
to no water exchanges with the Atlantic Ocean. Some of the Baltic Rim countries that enclose
the sea include Finland, Sweden, Russia, Germany, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, and Denmark. The
sea formed through a depression created by tectonic forces before the Quaternary glaciation. The
evolution of the sea to the modern Baltic Sea occurred through sedimentation during Pleistocene
and Holocene periods.
With over 1.6 million square kilometers of catchment area, the sea occupies the area
between 53 o N 10 o E and 66 o N 30 o E. Besides, it occupies an area of 377,000 square kilometers. It
has a range of islands and settlements with a residence time of 25 years and shore length of 8,000
kilometers. The sea provides shelter to freshwater and marine species such as common roach,
Atlantic herring, and European flounder, according to Ojaveer (2017). It faces multiple political,
scientific, and anthropogenic pressures on its significance to the population. Most people utilize
the facility to acquire marine resources for human consumption and trade.
The sea enlists among the leading water bodies with brackish water system. It faces
eutrophication due to the presence of excess phosphorous and nitrogen. Murray et al. (2019)
postulate that countries in the Baltic Rim decided to reduce chemical release to the sea to
facilitate its recovery from continued eutrophication. However, the region strives to avail
effective mechanisms for addressing the challenges that the sea experiences. The provision of
definitive, strong, and promising vision and mission enables an entity to improve market share
and enhance competitive advantage.



Gräwe, U., et al. (2017). Decomposing Mean Sea Level Rise in a Semi-Enclosed Basin, the
Baltic Sea. J. Climate, 32(11), 3089–3108.
Murray et al. (2019). Past, present and future eutrophication status of the Baltic Sea. Frontiers in
Marine Science, 1-13.
Ojaveer, E. (2017). Ecosystems and Living Resources of the Baltic Sea. Cham, Switzerland: