Sample Research Paper on Environmentalism


Human population growth

There are a lot worries in the world due to high population growth rates. This growth, if not effectively contained is going to cause economic and social catastrophes or lead to depletion of the scarce resources. This high population growth is associated with, poor health standards, natural resource depletion, and poverty, low levels of education, poor housing facilities, and increased crime rates (Wright & Boorse, 2014). A continuous increase in population in the country is likely to extremely deteriorate the environment. Proper measures need to be taken to enhance sustainability in the environment. The government should set policies that will encourage family planning and limit the number of children to be born per a family.

Water and soil resources

These are major components of the ecosystem. The earth’s ecosystem is affected by processes taking place in the soil and water, global warming, water pollution, ozone layer depletion, and rain forest destruction. The influence of human activities on soil and water is what causes climate change. Soil and water pollution are common practices in the environment. These are as a result of industrial activity, improper disposal of untreated waste, and agricultural chemicals. This can be rectified through proper treatment of industrial and sewage wastes before releasing them to water bodies, and proper farming practices, which minimize the use of chemicals (Pierce, Weiner, Vesilind, & Vesilind, 1998).

Air resources and climate change

Air resource is an important element that supports life on the environment. Bad human activities have contributed to climate change and air pollution, these practices includes; car emissions, dust, and chemicals from industries. These leads to destruction of the ozone layer which prevents the deadly ultra violet rays from reaching the earth, global warming and other harmful gases which threaten human life once inhaled. Remedies are, the industries should minimize the gases they release to the environment by adopting air pollution control new technologies, and expanding regulation to introduction of new sources of transport.

Energy resources

Although being useful in day-to-day environmental activities, energy resources are major causes of environment pollution. As a result of burning fuel to produce energy, harmful gases like carbon dioxide are produced. This harmful gases break down in the atmosphere causing dangerous atoms, which cause diseases on humans. This can be avoided by using renewable sources of energy, like solar, wind and waves and tidal which has minimal or no effect on environmental pollution (Wright & Boorse, 2014)

Waste Management

Waste materials from all sectors should be well handled and disposed to avoid environmental pollution (Tisdell, 2005). Once these wastes are disposed randomly without any treatment, they will affect the lives of living things through eruption of diseases and destruction of habitats. These wastes should be treated and disposed in the right designated areas where they won`t pollute the environment.


People should be making good decisions and taking the right actions that are meant to reduce negative effects on the environment. In most cases, individuals carry out activities, which in one way or the other pollute the environment. People should be advised to make right decisions which will enable them carry practices with reduced waste production. For example, they should replace the use of fuel with solar or electricity where it can be applicable.


Peirce, J. J., Weiner, R. F., Vesilind, P. A., & Vesilind, P. A. (1998). Environmental pollution and control. Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Tisdell, C. A. (2005). Economics of environmental conservation. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Pub.

Wright, R., & Boorse, D. (2014). Environmental Science: Toward a sustainable Future (Twelfth ed.). pearson.