Sample Research Paper on Electronic Medication Administration Versus Paper System

Electronic Medication Administration versus Paper System

TitleType of StudyResearch Question/ HypothesisMethodologySample compositionLevel of StudyMajor Findings
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, prevention of Medication Errors, 2014Descriptive studies of approaches to overcome hospital medication errors  Medication errors are a result of complicated approaches to system problemsSecondary techniques such as the use of previous studies and reviewsUse of previous studies on medical errors and use of previous research  on solutions to medical errorsSecondary levelSolutions to these medical problems are in form of  multi-disciplinary approach
Abha Agrawal, Medication Errors: Prevention using Information Technology Systems, 2010  A descriptive study on a review of the present state of Information Technology systems in the prevention of medication errorsIT systems are the main components of approaches to prevention of medication errorsApplication of previous researches on IT systems in health institutionsUse  of research journals within the last ten years to affirm the use of information technologySecondary levelIT systems are the primary components of comprehensive strategies in the prevention of medication errors. IT is also significant in the improvement of patient safety
Lucero,  et al, Applied Clinical Informatics, 2014.The qualitative  study highlights the process of drawing out perspectives of older adults on their needs for health information technology servicesConsumer centered participatory design  approach offers a systematic, informed approach on the innovations of Health Information managementFocus groups and design sessions. Focus groups used in informing the framework of design sessions. Descriptive analysis methods for the development of categorical design sessions in relation to ITEnglish and Spanish speaking communities where older adults were the main participantsPrimary levelUse of advanced technology in meeting the needs of consumers is better than the manual services. C2PD structure when enhanced by the technological services assists in the evaluation and determination of the needs of the informants
Nagykaldi, et al, Applied Clinical Informatics, 2014.A systematic study of the various electronic user- centered designs in the keeping of health informationThere are several computerized health risks appraisals, but only some can evaluate health related quality of lifeSystematic user-centered design. Application of qualitative methods and usability testing, use of semi-structured interviews22 patients, 5 clinicians, responded to 2 sets of TOLs and semi-structured interviewsSecondary levelElectronic user- centered design in the systematic application of the principles of human factors can drastically improve the usability of health information systems
Baucom, et al, Applied Clinical Informatics, 2014.Qualitative study on the advanced patient portal against the telephone recruitment Comparison between portal messaging against telephone recruitment approachesInterviews, observations and survey strategies on the respondents who had portal account and those that did not have1359 patients were eligible, 930 were recruited. 465 were enrolled, 391 were recruited through telephone and 74 through portal messagingPrimary research Electronic portal recruitment in a surgical residence is practicable as compared to the manual telephone recruitment of the surgical services
Jacobs, et al. Applied Clinical Informatics, 2014.Qualitative study on the evaluation of the readiness for clinicians to apply electronic programs in the laboratory monitoring of immunosuppressive careComputerized clinical support improves post-transplant immunosuppressive care procedures and resultsSurvey on the respondents, use of secondary data from the laboratory results67% of the respondents in the 80 programs completed the surveyPrimaryImmuno-suppression guidelines offer opportunities for CDS in the presence of laboratory electronic programs integrated laboratory data is made possible by the use of the laboratory electronic programs


Agrawal, A. (2010). Medication Errors: Prevention using Information Technology Systems: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 67(6): 681–686.

doi:  10.1111/j.1365-2125.2009.03427

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (2014). Prevention of Medication Errors: American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Vol. 1

Baucom, R. B., Ousley, J., Poulose, B. K., Rosenbloom, S. T. & Jackson, G. P. (2014). Case Report: Patient Portal versus Telephone Recruitment for a Surgical Research Study: Applied Clinical Informatics. 5 (4)

Jacobs, J., Weir, C., Evans, R. S. & Staes, C. (2014). Assessment of readiness for Clinical Decision Support to Aid Laboratory Monitoring of Immunosuppressive Care at U. S. Liver Transplant Centers: Applied Clinical Informatics. 5 (4): 988-1004.

Lucero, R., Sheehan, B., Yen, P., Velez, O., Nobile-Hernandez, D. & Tiase, V. (2014). Identifying Consumer’s Needs of Health Information Technology through an Innovative Participatory design Approach among English and Spanish Speaking urban Older Adults: Applied Clinical Informatics 5(4):

Nagykaldi, Z. J., Jordan, M., Quitoriano, J., Ciro, C. A. & Mold, J. W. (2014). User- Centered Design and Usability Testing of an Innovative Health-Related Quality of life Module: Applied Clinical Informatics 5 (4).