Population is in the field of statistics is generally used to refer to the whole pool
within which the statistics sample was conducted rather taken. Also, population can be
used to refer to a whole group of people, events, tallying of objects and so on. In our
context, population will be used to refer to the total number of people in a country.
Alternatively, it can be used to refer to the total number of living people that stay in a
certain locality, city or a country. Population profile on the other hand is an analysis
chart that shows the total figure of people as a function of their age bracket (Burrows,
2018). The population of Australia as estimated in 2020 is 25,499,345 as per the United
Nations (UN) data. This is approximately 0.33% of the world’s total population.
Population profile of a country is affected rather dictated and influenced by a number of
Population profile in many countries differ. Again, population profile from a
number of statistics conducted by researchers shows that it is dynamic, flexible and also
hard to describe. In the current industrialized world, population profile is quite different
from the population profile back in 19 th century. This is a clear indication that even the
current population profile is bond to change in the future years. Population profile is a
very involving task and can take a number of years in the process of conducting census
then followed by analysis of the census. This is a task that cost government a lot of
funds and is also labor intensive. In many of the countries in the world, population
census is conducted after ten years due to the high funds required (Endicott, O'Connor,
Williams, Wood, McKenna, Griffiths, & Cross, 2018).
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A review of the population profile of Australia , according to the year 2019 June
30 th , the total number of people in Australia aged between 85 years and above showed
an increase by 12, 560 people which is equivalent to 2.5% reaching 515, 600. The
population profile of Australia also showed that the number of females was higher that
of males. It revealed that the total population of females was at 317,800 while that of
males was at 198,200. This was a reflection of a higher expectancy life for the females.
Just like any other developed countries, the majority of deaths in Australia is
observed to occur in older peoples aged over 75years. For instance, in the year 2017,
the total number of registered deaths in Australia 160,900 persons. Among the total
registered deaths, 60% were males while 73% were females. Some of these are the key
contributing factors to the dynamic nature of the population profile.
Vulnerable population in Australia
In every country or community there is a group of people who are vulnerable and
the case is not different in Australia. These vulnerable groups face very significant
levels of inequality in several facilities such as health services access, as well as their
experiences in the healthcare services together with the health outcomes. These
vulnerable groups require support which is improved, resources as well as access so as
to make sure that they have a number of opportunities which they enjoy. Again, it will
enable them to experience optimal health care and the general well-being just like the
entire rather rest of the whole population of ACT( Doidge, Higgins, Delfabbro, & Segal,
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In our context, I have identified remote populations as one of the groups which
require special care. Most of the time the people living in remote areas are forgotten,
neglected and receive very poor services. The health care services in such places is
very poor and also is offered by semi qualified personnel. The technology in such areas
is very under developed, poor access to the public services among others. These
people are also at a very high risk of completely missing out the primary care services.
Generally, these people from remote areas encounter a number of barriers in the
process of accessing the mainstream health care services which are primary services.
The outcome of such special care will be improved timely access, responsive and
health services which are inclusive across the services which are primary (Endacott,
O'Connor, Williams, Wood McKenna, Griffiths, & Cross,2018)..
Improving of healthcare the vulnerable group access to the health care services
provided by the nurses will be very key in enhancing rather advocating for health equity.
However, this remains to be a challenge to Australia. Many of the registered nurses for
instance are unwilling to be posted to work on remote areas. A good example in
Australia, many of the experienced nurses are not ready to move to remote areas where
these vulnerable groups are. The basis of their claims of not going to the remote areas
is that the areas have many challenges. Such challenges they include poor hygiene, the
poor infrastructure, networks and also the diet plan in such areas is difficult.
Also, these vulnerable group that is the people living in remote areas are illiterate
in many of the cases. This causes the nurses to have hard time in prescription of
medicines to such venerable groups. Also the mode of nutrition of the people living in
CHANGING POPULATION PROFILE 4
remote areas is very wanting in that they do not consume balanced diet. This makes
them to be prone to many diseases and also their immune systems is very weak to
defend them from diseases. This becomes a great challenge to the registered nurses.
Lastly on the effects rather the impacts of the vulnerable groups in the remote
areas is dealing with such people who are used to herbal medicine is a challenge. The
people also they are unable to explain their state of health in a way that the nurses can
understand. Basically, there exists a communication barrier between the nurses and the
vulnerable groups who are living in the remote areas. This makes the service delivery in
terms of health care to the vulnerable groups very hard.
There are a number of ways in which the nursing care is delivered in the diverse
population of Australia. To begin with, when the nurses are trained, immediately after
their second attachments, they are send to remote areas where it is known to be very
good rather favorable to their skills. In simple terms, this means that, since they lack
experience in the field of medicine, the nurses are send in areas which are remote to
acquire experience. The areas in which the nurses are posted is depended on the
complexity of health cases which are experienced in such areas.
Secondly, the healthy facilities in diverse population in Australia can be delivered
through training to that population. For instance, a population profile which is made up
of old people living in a certain remote areas. Investigations are done on the common
types of diseases which such vulnerable area is most likely to be infected with. Then
appropriate actions are taken whereby, training sessions are conducted on such
populations and they are educated on the type of life that they should live so as to avoid
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being vulnerable to such diseases,. This helps in great deal to deal with a certain
specific population profile (Reid, Jones, Hurst, & Anderson,2018).
Another different way of offering such care to a specific population is through
vaccine development and administering. This has being widely used in Australia for
example where cases of polio or Tb are reported most on a certain group. The
department of healthcare with collaboration with other government research institutions
does research on a vaccine that can help in prevention of such disease. Then after a
series of vaccine testing and research, they come up with a vaccine which is now
authorized by the government. Thereafter, a law rather the government announces it
that every person in a certain age bracket should be immunized. These are the only
people to be immunized the government specifies and then goes ached to administering
such vaccines. These vaccines are offered for free and mostly done by the nurses.
They go door by door offering the same vaccines and it’s only offered within a certain
particular time. However for some certain vaccines let’s say for instance the vaccines
which are offered to all children. Such vaccines are administered in the hospital of birth.
It is mandatory for each of the hospital to have such facilities. Also the government
requires that the nurses to track the progress of those children and consistent vaccines
are administered at a certain particular period in the child development, growth rather.
The registered medics and nurses do provide care facilities by way of cultural
safety, ethic based decision making, scope of practice among others. The nurses are
required to observe a high degree of ethics in their professional.
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In conclusion, the registered nurses have the upper hand in helping the people
living in the remote areas whi are vulnerable to very number of diseases. Some are fully
forgotten and are exposed to a number of serious and adverse effects rather risks.
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Doidge, J. C., Higgins, D. J., Delfabbro, P., & Segal, L. (2017). Risk factors for
child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Child Abuse &
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Reid, R., Steel, A., Wardle, J., Trubody, A., & Adams, J. (2016). Complementary
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alternative medicine, 16(1), 176.
McCaffrey, N., Kaambwa, B., Currow, D. C., & Ratcliffe, J. (2016). Health-related
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& Akbari, M. R. (2018). Reply to ‘Mutations in RECQL are not associated with breast
cancer risk in an Australian population’. Nature genetics, 50(10), 1348-1349.
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& Cross, W. (2018). Roles and functions of enrolled nurses in Australia: Perspectives of
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Australia. Collegian, 25(1), 57-63.
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Burrows, D. (2018). Nurses of Australia: The Illustrated Story. National