Homework Question on Quarantine and Ethical Principles
- Analyze the ethics of public health issues by discussing whether the use of quarantine in a given situation is consistent with ethical principles.
- Your response must include the following:
- What are some ethical principles that should be considered?
- Of the ones that you have researched, select one and explain why that principle is important to medical and public health officials.
- What are some issues that may arise if these principles are not applied when implementing quarantine?
- Include citations for your work to receive full credit.
- Initial responses must be substantial and significant and supported by at least two scholarly references (aside from the lesson and/or textbook).
Homework Answer on Quarantine and Ethical Principles
Public health officials use quarantine, as a technique of to control the spreads of epidemic communicable diseases like Tuberculosis. “They separate and restrict movement to people infected with a communicable epidemic to reduce the risk of further spread of the disease” (Lemon and Stanley 115). However, ethical principles are substantial in implementing quarantine as a way of reducing the spread of epidemic disease.
Among the most important ethical principles are autonomy, justice, beneficence and non-malfeasance. “The autonomy principle provides quarantined individuals with rights to choose the kind of treatment that doctors administer to them” (Lemon and Stanley 140). Also, doctors should not do any harm to the quarantined persons as the principle of non-malfeasance states. Beneficence is the principle that requires doctors to do what will benefit the victims of quarantine, treat to improve the situation of the patient and not cause more damage to their health.
Lemon and Stanley (2007) argues that physicians should apply both the values of beneficence and non-malfeasance in certifying treatments to quarantined persons do not cause harm but rather improve the condition of the patient. Further, Riegelman, Richard, and Brenda (2015) suggest that doctors need to assure their patients that the treatment given will improve their health. It means that quarantine approaches should create more benefits than harm to victims.