Post Modern Therapy and Family Systems Therapy
Therapy is a form of treatment suitable for problems that prevent people from living their lives in quality kind of way. Several problems are experienced by humans that cover a wide range of issues. Therapy addresses the issues through creating awareness and understanding of the issues they face in their lives and thus helping them to formulate solutions to their problems. Therapy is commonly used in outpatient and residential treatment settings. Various forms of therapy are also available and are used to help address specific type of problems such as depression, addiction and family issues Post modern therapy and family systems therapy are some of the most common therapy forms in contemporary times. Postmodern therapy is used to deconstruct beliefs b creating awareness of beliefs and examining the values held by those beliefs in a person’s life. Through a collaborative rather than authoritative process, the therapy obtains solutions to existing problems. Postmodern therapy can be either narrative, solution focused, or collaborative language systems. The post modern therapy is founded on respect and non- blaming attitude towards others.
The key principle applied in post modern therapy is that people’s problems are different among the people. Narrative therapy for instance considers individuals as masters of their own beliefs and various other aspects of their lives (CRC Health Group, 2013). The solution focused therapy on the other hand is based on finding solutions to the existing problems without examining the root cause of the problem. As such, the therapy helps the patients to have a clearer understanding of what they expect their future to be like. The post modern therapy is used to treat a variety of personal disorders such as depression, eating disorders and ADHD. Eating disorders can be treated using the narrative approach, depression is treated using the collaborative language systems approach while Schizophrenia is treated using a variety of psychosocial processes. Post modern therapy is also applicable in the treatment of addictions, particularly drug addiction (Minuchin, 1998).
The family systems therapy on the other hand is based o the principle that the family is a system comprising of several functional parts. As such, the strengths of the family can be used to bring about desirable changes in problem solving such as in cases of substance abuse. The family systems therapy brings together all members of the family and uses diverse therapy approaches to help create the needed changes in individual lives (Smith and Lieberman, 2010). Personal behaviors are considered to be the results of environmental interactions with others. As such problems experienced by individuals may be the results of changing interactions and relationships in the family. The family systems therapy is used to treat a variety of personal problems such as depression (Northey, 2002). Other issues treated by the family systems therapy include eating disorders, substance abuse and marital challenges among others.
In addition to this, the family systems therapy can be used in the treatment of family members suffering from multiple personality disorders and schizophrenia. Cases that involve generational boundaries can also be solved using the family systems therapy by bringing together the family member to identify the exact causes of the experienced problems. The therapy may also be used in combination with other therapy methods especially where specialized treatment is desired. In most cases, this comes about where there is need to treat schizophrenia and depression among other conditions (Law and Crane, 2000). In conclusion, it can be said that the family systems therapy is an efficient process in understanding the functioning of families, setting goals and strategizing for the resolution of challenges.
CRC Health Group. (2013). Types of Therapy. Retrieved from http://www.crchealth.com/types-of-therapy/.
Law, D. & Crane, R. (2000). The Influence of Marital and Family Therapy on Health Care Utilization in a Health-Maintenance Organization. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 26 (26): 281-291.
Minuchin, S. (1998). Where is the Family in Narrative Family Therapy? Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 24 (4), 397-403.
Northey, W. (2002). Characteristics and Clinical Practices of Marriage and Family Therapists: A National Survey. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28, 487-494.
Smith, T. & Lieberman, J. (2010). Schizophrenia: maintenance treatment. Am Fam Physician, 82(4):338–339.
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