Sample Psychology Essays On Memory

Homework Question on Memory

  1.  Describe Atkinson-Shiffrin’s classic three stage processing model of memory, and explain how the concept of working memory clarifies the processing that occurs in short term memory.
  2.  Describe the benefits of meaning, imagery, and organization in processing information, and identify some memory enhancing encoding strategies.
  3. Describe the capacity and duration of long term memory, and discuss the biological changes that may underlie memory formation and storage.
  4. Explain what is meant by retrieval failure, and discuss the effects of interference and motivated forgetting on retrieval.
  5. Discuss whether young children’s eyewitness reports are reliable and the controversy over reports of repressed and recovered memories.
  • Every answer requires TWO FULLY DETAILED THOROUGHLY EXPLAINED PARAGRAPHS — no more and especially no less.
  • One or two sentences are not considered a paragraph — the assignments require detail and explanation.
  • Good grammar and spell checking and proof reading are essential

Homework Answer on Memory

Describe Atkinson-Shiffrin’s classic three-stage processing model.

Atkinson-Shiffrin’s classic three-stage processing model explains that human memory is composed of different components. The first component is referred to as a sensory register, where sensory information is received and sent to the memory for recording for it to be remembered. The second component is known as a short-term store that is also commonly referred to as short-term working memory and its functions are receiving and holding input from both sensory register and long-term store.

How concept of working memory clarifies the processing that occurs in short-term memory

Working memory assumes a more active role in the second processing stage where information is rehearsed. In working memory stage, new stimuli are associated with existing memories, and solutions for the arising problems are generated. Additionally, the working memory model includes the processing of auditory information and incoming visual-spatial.

Homework Help

Benefits of Meaning, Imagery, and Organization in Processing Information

During the processing of verbal information for storage and later recalling, its meaning is first encoded, for instance, it is associated with what is already known or can be imagined. Imagery is at the center of various mnemonic devices or memory aids, for instance, it is easier to recall words that can be linked with picture images that abstract. Organization relates to proper arranging of information, for instance, when it is organized into meaningful units it will be easier to recall. Information can be retrieved effectively after being processed into either broad or lesser concepts and facts.