This research will seek to answer the question: Do Participants’ experiences and beliefs influence how they respond to research questions? The approach used in the study is qualitative. Data will be collected using interviews to ascertain the extent of the effect of constructivism on the responses given by the participants in the study. The collected data will mainly be in the form of recorded audio to ensure that no information is lost (Ward, Comer & Stone, 2018). The researcher will then transcribe the audios to make it much easier to analyze. The approach of analyzing the data that will be applied is the thematic analysis. Thematic analysis places emphasis on the patterns and themes that appear in the responses given by the participants. In this specific instance, the researcher will pay attention to the degrees of accuracy of the answers given by the respondents.
Having discovered the various themes and patterns in the responses given, the researcher will then seek to reduce their number by merging the related ones to come up with fewer themes. Combining of these themes ensures that the material left to analyze is less cumbersome without losing information in the process (Percy, Kostere & Kostere, 2015). The thematic analysis gives the researcher an opportunity to determine the relationship between the various ideas and concepts that have been derived from the data collected from the participants in a study (Clarke & Braun, 2018). Some of the questions that can be raised regarding this approach of analysis include: How can one determine that the researcher has used the approach correctly and there are no errors in the interpretation of concepts and themes? What parameters can be used to gauge the accuracy of this analysis method?
Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2018). Using Thematic Analysis In Counselling And Psychotherapy Research: A Critical Reflection. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 18(2), 107-110. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/capr.12165
Percy, W. H., Kostere, K., & Kostere, S. (2015). Generic Qualitative Research In Psychology. The Qualitative Report, 20(2), 76-85.
Ward, J. K., Comer, U., & Stone, S. (2018). On Qualifying Qualitative Research: Emerging Perspectives And The “Deer” (Descriptive, Exploratory, Evolutionary, Repeat) Paradigm. Interchange, 49(1), 133-146. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10780-018-9313-x