Sample Psychology Essay Paper on Dream Essay

Dream Essay

            I have had several dreams in the last two weeks. These dreams can be categorized mainly as terrors and nightmares, lucid and general in nature. They revolved around my personal life, fears, and unresolved issues in my life. Forces behind these dreams can be defined with the quality within the id and the ego. The study describes the kinds of dreams I had for two weeks and how Freud would interpret these dreams according to his theories.

            According to Freud (1949), the principal tenets of the psychoanalytic theory are composed of the three forces, namely, the id, the ego, and the superego. The id bears the quality of being unconscious, all the inherited aspects from birth and including instincts and controls the superego. The ego bears the quality of the conscious and responsible for managing demands and instincts. This belief becomes aware of the stimuli connects the id and the external world, and reacts to the adaptation and flight stimulation, control of activity and achievement of pleasure (Freud, 1949). The superego controls satisfaction and symbolizes the influence of others like parents, other than controlling the influencing of racial and cultural traditions. Instincts are the eventual cause of human behavior (Freud, 1949).

            From the Freudian theory, human sexual life is manifested immediately after birth in four major phases: the oral, sadistic-anal, phallic, and the genital phase, which are all characterized differently (Beystehner, 2001). Freud goes on the mention that the psychical process is composed of the conscious, the preconscious, and the unconscious. The conscious consists of ideas that humans are aware of but are briefly conscious, the preconscious consists of the ideas that are likely to become conscious, whereas the unconscious consists of the ideas that are inaccessible and can be identified through analysis. According to Freud (1949), dreams come up in sleep then the unconscious thoughts of the id strive to get to the conscious. Assumptions made in the interpretation of the dreams include the realization of what can be recalled is just a façade behind the inference of the meaning. Since dreams are a result of conflicts, they are able to accentuate forgotten ideas and reproduce represses impressions of the childhood of the dreamer (Freud, 1949). Moreover, dreams are a fulfillment of personal desires and thus are able to create impressions that cannot be actualized in the life of the dreamer.

            From the Freudian theory, the dreamt I had of a stranger chasing me into a certain building is a façade of the unresolved conflicts within me. In the dream, I tried to open the door near me but failed. I kept on running and found a store from where I bought an apple juice for myself. I was desperate for help in the dream and desired to find comfort. I looked for solutions and way out of the sight of the stranger. In trying to find a solution from this stranger, I happened to find a store, which offered some comfort for me. The presence of a store and goodness of the fruit are illustrations of personal wishes I bear towards the unresolved conflicts presented in the dream. Though there are no relationships between the presence of the stranger and the fruit, they are impressions of what I need to actualize in real life. This dream is similar to another that I later had where I was deeply involved in an argument with my parents. My parents are close to me and define my background and family, hence very significant to me. By arguing with them, Freud affirms that I am unsettled with some of the issues in my background and about myself. Although I was angry in the dream, the argument is unknown since I could not identify the issue. In both dreams, Fred would argue that these dreams came up because of unresolved issues in the conscious. Manifestations of the human sexual life were however missing in the dreams I had.

            Freudian theory is valuable to me since it addresses the problems I encountered in the dreams, enlightens my inner workings which would otherwise be inexplicable, and the mental functioning. Even though Freudian theory is a form of psychoanalysis that is scientifically alive, the theory is fundamentally flawed since the response of the patients, as participants could have been more of suggestions and expectations of Freud (Beystehner, 2001). To validate these hypotheses, it is necessary to obtain data from the extra-clinical studies instead of obtaining it from a clinical setting. In addition to this, the theory does not place sufficient pressure on discovering the findings of the treatment and emphasizes more of Freud’s theoretical points. Besides this, Freud in his theory presents only twelve cases whereas he mentions more than a hundred minor cases, which would otherwise unacceptable as illustrations for psychoanalysis (Grünbaum, 1986)

            Study on my dream is a form of qualitative research since the methods I applied in collecting and analyzing revolve around comparisons on qualities. I used personal experiences as data for the research and defined the findings through Freudian theory. This form of research is valuable since it offers explicit and implicit information required that could not be otherwise represented quantitatively. Although the approach is useful in social research, it lacks the quantitative approach that offers any research some scientific background. In addition, this form of research is mostly biased and difficult to validate the data collected. One problem I had in collecting this information was anxiety. This is because I had to rely on a scientifically unreliable personal experience. Moreover, applying Freudian concepts such as development of sexual behavior in my dreams was impractical as I could make implicit conclusions.

References

Beystehner, M. K. (2001). Psychoanalysis: Freud’s Revolutionary Approach to Human

Personality. SAPA Project Test. North Western University

Freud, S. (1949). An outline of psychoanalysis. New York: Norton.

Grünbaum, A. (1986). Précis of The foundations of psychoanalysis: A philosophical critique.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 217-284.