Sample Psychology Coursework Paper on Person-Centered Counseling

Person-Centered Counseling

People face numerous problems that warrant counseling sessions aimed at helping them address or solve the problems. In this case, the focus is on a Chinese school-going child in the US who continuously faces racial discrimination from friends at school. The best therapeutic approach or theory that would help the child overcome the problems at hand is the person-centered therapy or counseling. This approach is the most appropriate for the client and the presenting problem as it would provide the client with an opportunity of perceiving himself consciously rather than leveraging on the counselors ideas or perceptions. Besides, this approach would enable the client to develop a sense of self, and thus, realize how the problem at hand has adverse effects on behavior, feelings, and attitudes. A script illustrating the use of person-centered therapy between a counselor and a client is as follows.

Counselor: Hello, for how long have you faced the challenge of racial discrimination at school?

Client: It has been a while now, approximately two years. How can I address this problem?

Counselor: I suppose you are aware of who among your friends despise you because of your culture and those who appreciate your culture.

Client: Of course. There are a few friends who feel superior because of their western cultures, and thus, are always at the forefront in pushing me away from their activities.

Counselor:  The solution to the problem lies with you.

Client: That is so encouraging, but how?

Counselor: You have the right to choose friends who appreciate your racial background.

Client: I have tried that in the past, but the problem has never been addressed.

Counselor: You are well aware of the activities in which your participation is not needed.

Client: I am racially discriminated when it comes to socializing.

Counselor: You can up your game when it comes to socializing so that your friends will find it hard to discriminate you.

Client: How can I up my game when it comes to socializing?

Counselor: You are aware of your strengths and weaknesses in the sector. You need to focus more on your strengths and overlook your weaknesses.

Client: That is great!

Counselor: You also need to get involved in activities that you think are of benefit to you.

Client: Yeah, I can distinguish between school activities that are of benefit and those that are not beneficial to me.

Counselor: Then you have to go for what is appropriate and beneficial to you.

Client: Participation in beneficial activities will help solve the problem at hand?

Counselor: It will give you the opportunity to select carefully friends who focus more on beneficial activities, and it is highly likely that such friends would have no time to discriminate their colleagues.

Client: Thank you so much and that was helpful.

In the script above, the decisions made are client-centered and not counselor-centered, and this highlights the use of person-centered therapy to address the problem at hand. However, the fact that the client was from a Chinese cultural background meant that some decisions could only be made at a collective level rather than at individual level, and this affected the application of the person-centered therapy, which focuses solely on an individual.