The essay focuses on the Iran nuclear deal, when it occurred, the countries that were involved, and the people who took part in the political event. The Iran nuclear deal was a collaborative effort between different countries and was aimed at stopping Iran from coming up with a nuclear weapon to maintain the peace. The events of the nuclear deal will be explained using the liberalist theory, which aims at preventing countries from undergoing conflicts. The liberalist theory states that countries can work together to minimize conflicts and maximize prosperity. Liberals naturally believe that the government is responsible for protecting the residents of its countries.
The nuclear program in Iraq began in the 1950s when the United States offered technical assistance to the Shah of Iran. While the assistance ended with the Iranian Revolution, Iraq developed an interest in nuclear technology specifically in the fuel cycle and capabilities in sophisticated enrichments, which became the main reason behind the international negotiations between Iraq and the P5+1. The U.S and the P5+1, which comprised of France, China, United States, United Kingdom, and Germany viewed the nuclear weapon as a threat to the national security. Despite the military superiority of the Americans, the West did not have a comprehensive knowledge of the capabilities of Iraq. Therefore, the involved nations could not fully ascertain the outcome in case a war broke out.
In the consequent years leading to the crisis, the Iranian government was controlled by the United States when they supported Shah Pahlavi, who was an oppressive dictator. Shah Pahlavi converted the moderate country into an authoritarian nation. A diplomatic ploy resulted as a result of Iran`s hatred and violent revolution for the Americans. The diplomatic ploy was also aimed at protecting the oil interests of the Americans as well as containing the expansion of the communism. Mossadeq, who was the previous minister, had imperilled to make public the oil industry. In the consequent years, most of the conflict between the two states were based on Iraq`s nuclear weapon, which if successful would sham a threat to the residents of the U.S and lead to a global crisis. The Obama administration came up with Iran`s nuclear deal to stop the conflict between the two nations.
The liberalism theory aims at uniting countries to work together to minimize conflicts and maximize the prosperity. Apparently, most of the liberals agree with President Obama`s effort to form negotiations with Iran with the belief that the arbitration will create a good relationship with the country, which will be a positive step towards progress. There is hope that the deal will create trust and peaceful developments between the two nations. Alternatively, the growth of Iran’s economy may make the residents concentrate on constructive tasks that will aid in the economic development of the country. In essence, the liberalist theory can best describe the Iran nuclear deal because it was aimed at solving the conflict between U.S and Iran.
In conclusion, Iran’s nuclear program began in the 1950s when the United States offered technical assistance to Iraq, which ended by the Iranian revolution. The continued interests in nuclear weapon posed a threat to the U.S. Despite the advancement in technology of the U.S military, they could not start a war because they were not sure of the capabilities of Iraq, hence, could not fully ascertain the outcome in case a war broke out. The conflicts between the two nations were based on the nuclear weapon, which when developed would pose a threat to the U.S consequently leading to a global crisis. President Obama came up with the nuclear weapon deal, which was aimed at settling the conflicts between the two nations. The liberalism theory best describes the method that was used to solve the conflicts between Iraq and U.S since it aims at minimizing the conflicts between the two nations while maximizing the prosperity.
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 Jackson, Robert, and Georg Sørensen. Introduction to international relations: theories and approaches. Oxford university press, 2016.
Samore, Gary S., Matthew G. Bunn, Graham T. Allison, Aaron Arnold, R. Nicholas Burns, Shai Feldman, Chuck Freilich et al. “The Iran nuclear deal: A definitive guide.” (2015).
 Koch, Mirijam. “The Power of the Domestic: A Liberal Analysis of US Foreign Policy with Iran.” In Iran, die Bombe und das Streben nach Sicherheit, pp. 91-110. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, 2014.
 Kahan, Jerome H. “Revisiting the Iran nuclear deal.” Orbis 61, no. 1 (2017): 109-124