Sample Political Science Research Paper Summary on International Humanitarian Action

International Humanitarian Action

Internal conflicts have been the cause of major negative impacts on the populations of the countries in which internal conflicts occur. From the cold war periods, the impacts of internal conflicts have been felt by several countries across the world. Increase in the number of casualties, as well as the injured. This has in effect led to increased need for humanitarian aid across countries. Most of those affected by internal wars in a country are civilians and thus most in need of this humanitarian help.

Civilians are affected by conflicts in several ways. The civilians can be affected either directly through injuries and deaths or indirectly through impacts on various aspects of their businesses such as the economies, as well as other developmental aspects. Inhabitants are affected immensely by conflicts, resulting in major destructive effects. In areas of internal clashes, it is imperative that human causalities be prevented. In addition to this, humanitarian aid has to provide essential aspects for survival such as food, shelter and clothing among others. The need for humanitarian aid has thus led to increase in humanitarian organizations across the world (Bertram and Lilly 34).

Humanitarian help in internal war areas has been recognized to result in various impacts. Besides providing the basic help such as provision sanitation services and basic needs, humanitarian agencies also engage in various activities that are aimed at preventing the violation of humanitarian laws which result in extremely violent forms. It is important for humanitarian agencies to make clear distinctions between combatants and the civilians of a country. Prevention of human casualties can only be effective if nations can avail themselves continuously for the purpose of prevention. The Democratic Republic of Congo is one of the countries in which humanitarian causes have had limited effects over the years of internal war. Because of this, the country remains stuck between peace and war, resulting in great distortion of humanitarian allocation and funding.

Despite the challenges faced by humanitarian groups in the DRC, various parts of the country have continued to receive humanitarian assistance through the years. The impacts of humanitarian aid have been great impact on the reduction of the loss of human life. However, there are some areas of the country that still experience susceptibility to internal wars. Regions such as Katanga and Maniema which experience prolonged acute famine rates are more vulnerable to internal wars. The unavailability of basic social services in various areas of the country makes it necessary to engage humanitarian aid. This is however difficult to achieve as the presently available humanitarian assistance is inadequate to cater for the needs of the entire country. Various humanitarian donors are not in support of the idea that their money can be used for the generation of funds (Development Assistance Research Associate 213).

There have been plans to expand the extent of humanitarian aid in the DRC. The plans for the expansion focus on various aspects. For instance, it is based on a thorough evaluation of the needs of the casualties. This helps to come up with systems that can help to expand the socio-economic viability of programs while also maintaining assistance to the casualties. Humanitarian aid in the country is in compliance with the international humanitarian law. The law ensures that all casualties are protected in terms of their health. In addition to this, the international humanitarian communities encourage combined efforts to implement humanitarian law (Belgrad and Nachmias 124).



Works Cited

Belgrad Eric & Nachmias Nitza. The Politics of International Humanitarian Aid Operations. Portsmouth: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997. Print.

Bertram Alex & Lilly Damian. Target humanitarian assistance in post-conflict DRC. 2008. Web. 12 March, 2014.

Development Assistance Research Associates. Humanitarian Response Index 2008: Donor Accountability in humanitarian Action. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Print


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