Sample Article Review Paper on Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment (JIPOE)

The decision-making process is an essential aspect of the Joint Intelligence Preparation of
the Operational Environment (JIPOE), which impacts the Course of Action (COA)undertaken
during a threat. JIPOE focuses on providing firsthand analytical intelligence to ascertain the
enemy's probable target and strategize immediate and future course of action. The Operational
Environment (OE) in the joint force provides a holistic approach on the course of action
undertaken during a mission to determine the adversary's strengths and weaknesses and how
other relevant factors, such as weather, climate, socio-cultural aspects, the location would have a
projected effect on the military assignment outcome (Department of Defense, 2014). JIPOE's
evaluation of the operational environment is crucial as it visualizes and highlights the adversary
defensive and offensive strategies to coordinate action in the joint force properly. The paper will
expound on an analytical perspective underlined in the JIPOE to evaluate the adversary's
capabilities in terms of informational, political, economic, and military options as well as how
individuals would utilize the information as a future SGM.
JIPOE Assessment of the Adversary's Political, Informational, Military, and Economic


JIPOE assessment tool gives the U.S. military-technical prowess plus developed faculties
to outmatch their potential adversaries. To contend both regular and irregular threats, Joint Force
Commander has to employ this decisive tool to over-match enemies' abilities to possibly project
ranges of outcomes for a particular task. For a holistic view, JIPOE does not solely depend on
military efforts but also includes in-depth scrutiny of both direct and indirect consequences of the
information, social, political, economic, and the infrastructure effects on the course of action
(Vandepeer, 2018). For the social dimension, analysis of the OE encompasses socio-cultural

welfare, public approval, stability, which impact directly on military planning. The political
environment forms diplomatic and unconventional means of solving conflict, with extremists'
groups sometimes going to war would be the only solution. In analyzing the economics of the
region, the JIPOE identifies trade relationships, embargo, microeconomic stability to integrate
into the COAs. Also, infrastructure includes the adversary's technical capacity to apply military
technologies, which determines the level of engagement. With military targets, initiation of
operations requires high-value target identification regarding the informational background of
the adversary, including their capabilities: vulnerabilities, decisive points, shortcomings, Centre
of gravity, and possible COAs (Department of Defense, 2014).
Influence of JIPOE to Future SGM
As a future Sergeant Major, I recognize the usefulness of JIPOE in planning combat
actions. Understanding the broader range of consequences is essential for drafting a practical
framework for the joint force (Department of Defense, 2014). The information gathered in the
JIPOE facilitates supporting command staff to examine the adversary's potential and further
determine whether they threaten friendly forces or influence the accomplishment of combat
action. As a strategic planner, the information will enable me to forecast possible outcomes to
project the correct set of measures under the operational environment dimension. Each conflict
or battleground is different; thus, as future SGM, it requires sharp analytical skills to make sound
decisions for my unit and utilize the JIPOE assessment tool to come up with a plan that meets
combat action objectives.


Categorically, JIPOE is a crucial element in decision-making as it offers beforehand
intelligence for potential mission analysis. Also, before engaging in any military assignment,
strategic planning of all possible outcomes will provide insight into whether a nation should go
to war or use other means of intervention. Moreover, the application of JIPOE in operation
planning supports the commanders and other keynote military staff to visualize various angles in
operational environment aspects.



Department of Defense. (2014, May 21). Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Operational
Environment (JP 2-01.3). Retrieved from
Vandepeer, C. (2018). Intelligence and knowledge development: what are the questions
intelligence analysts ask? Intelligence and National Security, 33(6),