Homework Question on Arguments on “The Reason for God” by Tim Keller
Tim Keller, The Reason For God, (Riverhead Trade: New York) ISBN: 978-1594483493
- The essay should include an account of Keller’s overall point in the chapter including a brief summary of the major significant elements that he uses to make that point.
- The focus of the essay, however, should be on one of the arguments that Keller uses to make his overall point. In addressing this point, you should do two things—analyze Keller’s reasoning and evaluate Keller’s reasoning.
In the analysis of the argument, there are two primary tasks.
- First, the argument needs to be stated as clearly as possible. In stating the argument, clearly identify the conclusion and each of the premises of the argument. In addition, as best you can, identify the argument form that is being used. It may be helpful to refer to The Little Logic Book for thinking about how to state the arguments.
- Secondly, you should explain the argument. To explain the argument you should two things.
- You should identify the key terms that Keller defines and make sure to clearly state those definitions.
- You should identify the grounds for each of the premises of the argument. This does not mean that you should paraphrase or in some other way restate each premise. Rather, it means that you should identify why he thinks that someone should agree to each premise. Does he provide an argument for it? Does it seem to be common knowledge? Does he appeal to an authority? Does he tell a story to try to get the reader to see that it is true?
In the evaluation of the argument there are three primary tasks.
- First, you should address whether or not the argument is valid. Is any fallacy committed?
- Secondly, you should address the soundness of the argument. Addressing soundness involves three elements.
- Are key terms adequately defined?
- Are the premises in fact true? If you think that a premise is not true, provide reasons for thinking that it is not true. Be sure to be specific about which premise you are objecting to.
- Are the premises well-grounded? Does Keller provide a plausible basis for believing each premise?
- Thirdly, you should clearly identify whether you think that Keller adequately achieved his purpose, both in the particular argument that you analyzed and in making the overall point that he makes in the chapter.
Homework Answer on Arguments on “The Reason for God” by Tim Keller
In philosophy, the term argument refers to the art of constructing and finding out whether a set of given reasons given to convince others about an idea are true or false. Mistake in reasoning is called fallacy in philosophy while on the other hand, premise is the suggestion one offers in support of given conclusion (Macmillan dictionary). According to Lita Cosner review on this book, Keller addresses common doubts that non believers, ancient and modern philosophers put across to religion. This paper reviews the arguments Tim Keller gives in his book titled The Reason for God.
Tim Keller’s argument on The Reasons for God
The chapter 8 of Tim Keller work is a link between the first part of his book that explains why there is no reason for not believing Christianity and the second part that focuses on outlining reasons for believing Christianity. In The Reason for God book by Keller, the heading of chapter 8 is labeled “The Clues of God”.
The mysterious bang clue argument. In this argument, he is challenging the big bang theory which explains that universe came into existence as a result of explosion of particle. He asks the question,” why is there something rather than nothing?” In his deductive argument, Keller explains that something had to make this big bang occur and he concludes that there is supernatural being behind this big bang that happened. As Browne explain(pg 104-117), there is fallacy in Keller’s argument because believing our universe was created by an intelligent being, does not propose the being is necessarily the God of Bible.