Homework Question on Ethical Theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant
- Paper should be 6-7 pages in length when double-spaced and using a 12 point font.
- Include at least four sources; the textbook may be used as one of your sources.
- Please DO NOT cite any online reference encyclopedias such as Wikipedia, Britannica, or Encarta. Your sources should consist of scholarly journal articles and books available through the Ivy Tech Virtual Library ONLY. All sources must be cited (must have an end note or a foot note) and the source included in a bibliography.
- The format of the citations and bibliography must be of a nationally accepted formatting system such as MLA or APA.
The paper must be based upon YOUR CHOICE of A or B:
- A. Compare and contrast the concepts of determinism, compatibilism, and libertarianism. What are the strengths and weaknesses of each of these positions? Which one do you believe is the most likely to be correct? Why?
- B. Compare and contrast the ethical theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant
- What are the strengths and weaknesses of each of these positions?
- Which one do you believe is the most likely to be correct? Why? The paper is worth 100 points.
Homework Answer on Ethical Theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant
Ethical theories argue that it is the responsibility of man in the society to engage in behavior that aims at the realization of high moral virtues. Through their tenets, these theories provide moral principles and guidelines, which contain specific values that can be used in determining the type of actions that are most appropriate for specific situations. Aristotle and Immanuel Kant are two philosophers who existed in different times but formulated ethical theories in different ways with an aim of explaining the essence of moral virtues.
The main objective of this paper is to compare and contrast the ethical theories as propounded by these two philosophers. This will be through comparing their ethical theories on their strengths and weaknesses.
Ethical Theories by Aristotle and Kant
Aristotle’s ethical theory, virtue ethics, argues that morality encompasses the acquisition of good attributes, which produce virtuous individuals who act with the aim of realizing the goodness of the society.
The most essential aspect that arises from Aristotle’s works is that morality shares some relationship with the purpose of man on earth (Achtenberg 44). The main objective of man is to realize happiness.However, true happiness in the view of Aristotle is only reliable through cultivating and following the rational component of the soul in a way that elevates man above the level of animals. The application of rationality in decision-making helps individuals to develop techniques on how they can restrain or redirect their basic desires and appetites, such as fear.