Sample Philosophy Essays On Ethical Obligations

Homework Question on Ethical Obligations

  • From “J.S. Mill On Utilitarianism” answer the following questions:
  1. How do the views of Kant and Mill differ?
  2. Do you find Kant’s deontological ethics or Mill’s utilitarianism more compelling?
  3. What do you think are the strengths and weaknesses of each approach?

        Homework Answer on Ethical Obligations

The views of Kant and Mill differ because Kant argues that actions depend on moral obligations whereas Mill argues that an individual’s actions are determined by the consequences of the actions involved. Therefore, individuals should often focus on the consequences of their actions before coming up with final decisions.The morality of individuals may be very different such that the determination of whether a decision is right may be difficult. In such a case, Kant’s deontological ethics is considered more compelling.

Thus, the determination of whether an action is right will depend on the consequences of a certain action on individuals. Most importantly, Kant’s ideas play an integral role in the facilitation of human autonomy, and this is because of the fact that human beings can capitalize on deontological ethics to act and take course of their lives. Arguably, most of the right decisions that human beings make are as a result of Kant’s deontological views.

Homework Help

Kant’s and Mill’s approaches have strengths and weaknesses. Kant’s view is known to have great respect for the dignity and autonomy of humankind. Besides, his view is rational and this means that it cannot be swayed by emotion. However, Kant’s view can be criticized negatively for its inflexibility and lack of motivation. On the other hand, Mill’s view is considered more objective and is often preferred. Besides, Mill’s view maximizes the society as a whole.