Annotated Bibliography: Fitness and Nutrition
Corbin, C. B., Pangrazi, R. P., & Franks, B. D. (2000). Definitions: Health, fitness, and physical activity. President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports Research Digest. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED470696.pdf
The article majorly describes the importance of healthy eating lifestyles or behaviours and exercise on a person’s body system. It states that maintaining a healthy eating lifestyle and exercise, a person’s cardiovascular fitness, muscular endurance, flexibility, and muscle strength is significantly boosted. It also identifies that a person’s physiological fitness, morphological fitness, and bone integrity is improved.
Elmagd, M. A. (2016). Benefits, need and importance of daily exercise. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, 3(5), 22-27. Retrieved from http://www.kheljournal.com/archives/2016/vol3issue5/PartA/3-4-55-201.pdf
The article mainly focuses on the benefits of physical activity and exercise for all body systems. It describes that physical activity and exercise can reduce stress and anxiety, sharpen memory, increase brain power, and make bones and muscles strong. It also helps in preventing and reducing heart disease, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, blood sugar fluctuations as well as obesity.
Herman, S. L., & Smith, D. T. (2008). Four-week dynamic stretching warm-up intervention elicits longer-term performance benefits. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22(4), 1286-1297. Retrieved from https://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Fulltext/2008/07000/Four_Week_Dynamic_Stretching_Warm_up_Intervention.36.aspx
The source focuses on the importance of stretching on a person’s body. Stretching promotes an increase in core body temperature and blood flow. It also increases a person’s muscle tendon suppleness, as well as it enhances free coordinated movement that played a crucial role in preparing the body for physical activity and exercise.
Lavie, C. J., Arena, R., Swift, D. L., Johannsen, N. M., Sui, X., Lee, D. C., & Blair, S. N. (2015). Exercise and the cardiovascular system: clinical science and cardiovascular outcomes. Circulation research, 117(2), 207-219. Retrieved from https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/circresaha.117.305205
The authors focus on the benefits of cardiovascular exercise. Cardiovascular exercise risk of developing high blood pressure, as well as the risk of one developing or dying from heart disease. It also helps to control blood sugar level in people with diabetes and helps to maintain a healthy weight in people with obesity.
Macera, C. A. (2003). Promoting healthy eating and physical activity for a healthier nation. Center for Disease Control and use Prevention. Retrieved from http://www. cdc. gov/healthyyouth/publications/pdf/pp-ch7.pdf.
The article provides a framework that addresses the problems of poor nutrition and physical inactivity to a person’s body system. It shows that poor diet and physical inactivity are major contributors to disabilities that result from obesity, and diabetes. As such, it states that an individual should have a proper diet and effective physical activity and exercise, in order to reduce rates of diseases and deaths that result from chronic diseases.
Mburu-Matiba, L. (2015). The Impact of Exercise (Physical Activity) And Healthy Lifestyle (Eating) Among the Youth: A Literature Review. Retrieved from https://www.theseus.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/101060/Mburu-Matiba_Lucy%20Wangui%20thesis.pdf?sequence=1
The article describes the impact of healthy eating and exercise on the youth. It recognizes proper diet and exercise as a contributor to a range of positive outcomes in academic performance, as well as physical well-being and health. It also identifies that as a result of healthy eating and exercise, the risk of a person getting diseases like type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases is reduced.
Perry, M. (2018, December 31). High Reps vs. Low Reps In 2019: Which is Better? Retrieved from https://www.builtlean.com/2012/07/19/high-reps-vs-low-reps/
The article focuses on the benefits of high repetitions and low repetitions on a person’s body. They both play a crucial role in muscle building, fat loose, improving physical fitness. On muscle building, low repetitions with heavy weight increase a person’s strength, whereas high repetitions with lightweight often increase a person’s endurance.
Sara. (2018, December 03). Compound vs. Isolation Exercises: Benefits and Differences. Retrieved from https://8fit.com/fitness/compound-vs-isolation-exercises-benefits-and-differences/
According to this source, compound exercise is an exercise that targets and utilizes multi major muscle groups as well as joints at the same time. It helps to improve body coordination, burn calories, and makes a person stronger. On the other hand, isolation exercise is an exercise that targets a specific muscle group and utilizes only one joint. It is of benefit to a person’s body as it targets specific muscles without stressing any others. It also helps to strengthen the area you may feel is weaker than the rest of the body.
Volek, J. S., VanHeest, J. L., & Forsythe, C. E. (2005). Diet and exercise for weight loss. Sports Medicine, 35(1), 1-9. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00007256-200535010-00001
The prevalence of obesity in both adults and children is rapidly increasing. The article describes that eating healthy and engaging in an exercise activity has positive effects on weight loss, weight control, and overall good health for persons with obesity. It states that persons with obesity should take diets lower in carbohydrate and higher in protein as this facilitates weight loss.
Waxman, A. (2004). WHO global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. Food and nutrition bulletin, 25(3), 292-302. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/156482650402500310
The article argues that unhealthy eating and physical inactivity account for 60 percent of global deaths and 47 percent of the global burden of diseases. It provides a framework to reduce the rates of deaths and risks of getting diseases. It identifies that proper diet and exercise reduces the risks of high blood pressure, high body mass index, elevated blood cholesterol, which are the major causes of deaths and diseases.