Sample Nursing Research Paper on Evidence-Based Practice

Evidence-Based Practice

Summary

The article is about a research study conducted to determine the nursing students’ perception on how television programmes portray their profession as well as the link between public image of the profession, recruitment and retention. It also looks at the how the image created by the media cause stereotypical approach to the nursing profession (Weaver et al., 2013).

The article is entitled “Nursing on Television: Student Perceptions of Television’s Role in Public Image, Recruitment and Education” and was written by four authors namely Roslyn Weaver Yenna Salamonson, Jane Koch, and Debra Jackson following a research which they conducted at the New South Wales University in Australia. The article was published on 9 March 2013 in the Journal of Advanced Nursing. The purpose of the research study was to determine student’s perception of how the media portrays the medical profession. The type of study was survey research. This type of research study requires the researchers to choose samples respondents from the population – data is then collected from the population sample. In this case, the researchers selected 484 sample respondents from the population consisting of undergraduate nursing students at the New South Wales University in Australia. The data collected from the respondents included demographic information and their views on habits of television programmes about nursing programmes as well as professionalism and ethics. The researchers did not take their proposals to Institutional Review Board (IRB) for review and approval before conducting the research study. Participants for the research study were selected from a population of undergraduate nursing students using purposive sampling method. The researchers sampled undergraduate nursing students who were enrolled in all years of the school’s programme at the time of study. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires in which students were required first to participate in on-campus training tutorial before participating in the survey. Items in the questionnaire were modified to focus only on contemporary programmes applicable to the setting in Australia.

First, the study indicated that most nursing students usually watch medical television programmes when at home and were more positive about the overall professionalism. However, a good number were more concerned television can influence negative image of the nursing profession. Despite this, they still believe that television programmes portray the positive side of nursing ethics and professionalism. They also highlighted that potential of medical television programmes raising nursing profile and scope thus benefiting both recruitment and pedagogy. The result of the study also indicated that nursing students prefer the nursing television programmes to have more modern and visible role models greater potential of having positive impact on the public. The authors generally felt that the type of research study they conducted was sufficient in answering their research question. Even though they conducted the study in one institution only, they still believe that the result of the study is transferable to other similar settings. They consider the study sufficient because most nursing television programmes are Americans and are watched globally; therefore, the result of their study can be applied to any other similar situation in any part of the world. The authors of this article feel that the outcome of the research study is enough to support it being considered a new evidence-based practice because; (1) it integrates the nursing expertise with their opinions, (2) it provides the perspective, needs, values, and interest of caregivers (nurses), and lastly (3) it provides external scientific evidence to some crucial issues in the nursing practice.

References

Weaver, R., Salamonson, Y., Koch, J., & Jackson, D. (2013). Nursing on television: student perceptions of television’s role in public image, recruitment and education. Journal of advanced nursing69(12), 2635-2643.