Sample Nursing Essay Paper on Vulnerable Populations in Miami City

Vulnerable Populations in Miami City

Vulnerable Populations

This paper focuses its attention on the Latino community living in Miami City. Majority of these people live in western, southern and northern part of the city. The city being one of the most populous cities in the country is capitalist in nature thereby most of the people are ever busy. In terms of vulnerability, the most vulnerable populations living in the city are the old people and children. The purpose of this paper will be to identify the health problem facing the children aged below six years and what can be done to address the problem they face in relation to healthy people 2020.  

Vulnerable Population Overview

In relation to my assessment, the most vulnerable population in this area is the children aged six years below. These children spend most of their time in day cares. In spite of this fact, they consume a lot of fast food provided by their parents that do not have time to spend at homes because of their busy schedules. Looking at majority of the children living in this area, it is clear that they suffer from obesity and they rarely engage in physical activities such as walking and riding bicycles.

Strengths, Risk Factors

In terms of strengths, the area is extremely clean. There is no water or air pollution in the area. In addition, there is proper housing; good interconnecting lanes; bicycle lanes; pedestrian sidewalks and proper traffic light signs. Furthermore, there are no traces of stray animals, uncontrolled ants, flies, mosquitoes and rodents or any other hazardous agent. Food hygiene appears to be a priority in the area because food is sold in clean and descent food outlets and restaurants.

With regard to risk factors, majority of the families living in the area are ever busy. This means that they do not have adequate time to spend with their young children either to engage in physical activities or cook for them most of the time. Consequently, they prefer consuming fast food and taking their children aged six years and below to day care. In terms of risks, the practice exposes children to type 2 diabetes, coronary heart diseases and cancer. In order to address this challenge, the community needs to change its lifestyle to manage the high calories intake among young children that end up being obese. The barrier to this change, however, would be the capitalistic nature of life in the area that forces parents to work most of the time.

An article by Gonzalez shows that vulnerable communities can address their risk factors using their strengths. It emphasizes the importance of effective communication in high-quality healthcare. It also emphasizes the importance of shared languages in gathering health information (Gonzalez, 2012). Out of this article, I learn that the Latinos living in the city can address the health problem facing their children by collaborating with community health nurses.    

Community Resources

                                          Some of the resources available in the area to help children engage in physical activities include the public parks in the area, good interconnecting lanes for riding bicycles, pedestrian walks for walking rather than driving and the bicycle lanes. Besides these resources, there are hospitals in the area to offer general physical advices and treat pre-diabetes.

                                          As far as the adequacy of these resources is concerned, the resources are adequate because children can engage in physical activities such as walking and riding bicycles. However, in terms of gaps, majority of the parents do not have time to spend with their children in engaging in physical activities.  

Community Health Problem Diagnosis

Based on personal assessment and the healthy people 2020 objectives, a community health nurse would impact the lifestyle in the area by urging parents to change the eating habits of their children and encouraging them to engage in physical activities with their children.  In relation to the above risk factors and barriers, the healthy people topic of concern for this group of people would be D-16. This topic is concerned with increasing prevention behaviors among the people that are pre-diabetic. The first part D-16.1 is concerned with increasing the number of pre-diabetic people that report increasing their levels of physical activities. The second part D-16.2 is concerned with increasing the number of pre-diabetic people that report trying to lose weight whereas the third part D-16.3 is concerned with reducing fat and calories intake among these people. Given that majority of the children living in the area are obese, they consume fast food and that they do not engage in physical activities, it is highly likely that these people might develop type II diabetes in the future if they do not change their lifestyle. In order to deal with this issue, there is need to increase physical activities among children and reduce fat and calories intake in their diets.

Summary

The most vulnerable group identified in the society is the children aged below six years. Majority of these children consume fast food and spend most of their time in day care. In terms of risks, the paper establishes that these children risk developing type II diabetes because they are obese and they do not engage in physical activities. In order to address this problem, the paper recommends that a community health nurse should encourage parents living in the area to reduce fat in the diets for their children and encourage their children to ride bicycles.

References

Gonzalez, A. (2012). Vulnerable populations and diabetes. Diabetes spectrum, 25(1), 6-7.