Randomized Controlled Trial on Diabetic Patients
Diabetic patient face numerous challenge related to the need to continuously use their medication, adhere to dietary guidelines, participate in physical exercise, and ensure that they protect themselves from wounds or opportunistic infections that could further deteriorate their health condition. The increase prevalence of diabetes has contributed to the need to improve the quality of preventing and management care offered to patients. Among diabetic patients, the use of intensive patient education has been linked to positive health outcomes. The article, “Intensive Patient Education Improves Glycemic Control in Diabetes Compared to Conventional Education: A Randomized Controlled Trial in a Nigerian Tertiary Care Hospital” by Okon Essie and her colleagues will be analyze in this paper.
The key criteria for evaluating RTC entails ensuring that the participants used in the study were selected randomly to avoid bias. Participants are randomly allocated into control and experimental groups to promote validity of the study. Researchers should also ensure that two groups included in the research have similar prognostic aspects (Godin, Dhillon, & Bhandari, 2011). This study met the key criteria for evaluating RTCs.
The results in the RTC are valid as they reflect the distribution of participants in the control and experimental groups. The subjects in the study were randomized. The eligible patients from the hospital were randomly selected. The researchers conducted an unblinded, parallel-group randomized study where the participants were randomly distributed in the control and experimental groups. Fifty-nine participants were allocated to the two groups, intensive patient education group and the conventional group. After the study, 53 and 51 patients from the intensive and conventional groups respectively were assessed for the research results. The initial division of participants in the control and experimental groups were equal and the participants exhibited similar prognoses (Essien, et al., 2017). The variables of the participants were similar in both groups, which made them look the same before the initiation of the research.
The results better glycemic control among the patients who received intensive patient education as compared to those who received conventional education. The trial being measures showed a statistical and clinical significant difference between the two groups (p< 0.0001). Statistical analysis were conducted using SAS (SAS 9.3, SAS institute Inc.). The results were significant. The hypothesis of the study was accepted. The results of the research were applicable in clinical nursing practice as they prompted use of intensive patient education approaches (Essien, et al., 2017). The results were feasible because they reflected the patient population and researchers’ hypothesis.
This research was effective in determining the effectiveness of using intensive patient education methods when dealing with diabetic patients in clinical settings. The results of the study could be applied in clinical settings to promote patient care. The researchers in this study conducted an effective and reliable study.
Essien, O., Otu, A., Umoh, V., Enang, O., Hicks, J. P., & Walley, J. (2017, January 3). Intensive Patient Education Improves Glycemic Control in Diabetes Compared to Conventional Education: A Randomized Controlled Trial in a Nigerian Tertiary Care Hospital. PLOS ONE. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0168835
Godin, K., Dhillon, M., & Bhandari, M. (2011). The Three-Minute Appraisal of a Randomized Trial. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics, 45(3), 194-196. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3087219/.