Sample Nursing Coursework Paper on Qualitative Research Design

Qualitative Research Design

Qualitative research is the approach of gathering information by understanding the meaning of human experiences, opinions on issues, and motivations. It entails discovering the reasons something happens as it does and how it affects the attitudes, actions, and decisions of people. The characteristics of qualitative research include the use of unstructured or open-ended questions to obtain feedback from participants (Fain, 2017). However, a researcher might limit the answers to questions using semi-structured techniques whereby the outcomes are categorized. The researcher seeks to capture the information in its rawest form, often recording full quotes from respondents about their experiences or attitudes. He or she has to engage with the participants to be close to the specific situation or function that he or she is investigating to obtain authentic data. Moreover, the dataset is analyzed uniquely to capture all the details and then the cases are evaluated as a whole.

A recent study conducted on men’s awareness of cervical cancer is a good example of qualitative research. The research question under investigation was the level of perception and viewpoints that men have concerning cervical cancer, given that it affects women, but men have a great role in its prevention (Kim, Kim & Kim, 2018). The dependent variables were men’s understanding of cervical cancer; its causes, prevention, and differences with other cancers while the independent variable was age.  To overcome the limitations of conducting a qualitative research, the participants took three interviews, and their audio responses were recorded then transcribed, and any missing content was obtained in subsequent interviews. In addition, the respondents and researchers were allowed to cross check the transcripts and verify the responses to increase accuracy. The researchers questioned the subjective beliefs that cervical cancer is a disease affecting women and is related to breast cancer. The research incorporated the element of “human concern” as the interviews were conducted at the respondent’s most comfortable location which created a relaxed environment.

References

Fain, J. (2017).Selecting a qualitative research design. In Reading, Understanding, and Applying Nursing Research [Adobe] (5th ed., pp. 179-212).

Kim, H. W., Kim, D. H., & Kim, Y. (2018). Men’s awareness of cervical cancer: a qualitative study. BMC Women’s Health, 18(1).doi:10.1186/s12905-018-0650-9