Week 2: PICOT/PICo and Practice Questions
Will you be using a quantitative or qualitative approach for your EBP project proposal?
Implementing ulcers prevention treatments on Hospital-Acquired Pressure Ulcers (HAPU) requires a quantitative approach (Alderden, et al. 2011). Disease prevention is a medical process that capitalizes on the significance of patients’ statistics, including the rate of recovery, number of patients diagnosed with HAPU, prevalent medical cases, amount and levels of administrating drugs in the treatment process among others.
Explain why this approach is the best one to provide information for your area of interest.
A qualitative approach is the best as it aids in measuring medical progress of HAPU patients in the emergency department (ED). Record keeping is an essential discipline for a Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) since it promotes ethical professionalism (Bhattacharya & Mishra, 2015). Consequently, a quantitative approach will supplement knowledge on record keeping, which would enhance hands-on skills of handling patients’ recovery using dynamic datasets made of texts, graphics, or numbers. Moreover, keeping statistics of an identified illness would aid in recommending medical procedures for similar cases in the future (Etafa et al. 2018). As such, medical records provide useful information in analyzing alien illnesses categorized under a known category of health complications. The resources that would be used for medical research would be limited with the help of HAPU statistics which are accurately recorded.
Create a PICOT/PICo question using the PICOT/PICo format for quantitative and PICo for qualitative approaches.
P = Non-ambulatory patients taken to the ED.
I = How health institutions implement ulcer prevention treatments to ensure that HAPU patients recover from other hospital-acquired illnesses.
C = Adopting additional medical prevention procedures for HAPU patients.
O = Reduce medical cases associated with HAPU among patients who cannot move from one position to another.
Identify your practice question, being sure to include the following.
How many patients are diagnosed with HAPU upon and after reaching the ED?
What implementation process is required to administer physical hygiene as a treatment process of HAPU?
What are the additional medical requirements for practicing HAPU as an FNP?
Alderden, J., Whitney, J., Taylor, S., &Zaratkiewicz, S. (2011). Risk profile characteristics associated with outcomes of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers: A retrospective review. Critical Care Nurse, 31(4), 30-43. doi: 10.4037/ccn2011806
Bhattacharya, S., & Mishra, R. (2015). Pressure ulcers: Current understanding and newer modalities of treatment. Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery, 48(1), 4-16. doi: 10.4103/0970-0358.155260
Etafa, W., Argaw, Z., Gemechu, E., &Melese, B. (2018). Nurses’ attitude and perceived barriers to pressure ulcer prevention. BMC Nursing, 17(14). doi: 10.1186/s12912-018-0282-2