Sample nursing Coursework Paper on Methods for Evaluating Evidence

Methods for Evaluating Evidence

            Evaluating evidence is an important element in the field of nursing since it aims at providing solutions to health problems and ultimately improving patients’ wellbeing. Quantitative and qualitative approaches are considered as the main methods applicable in any research work (Rhodes, 2016). Emphasis are placed on understanding phenomenon based on data collected using these methods. Quantitative sometimes known as empirical approach deals with precise measurement considering the fact that data is mainly numerical (EBLING LIBRARY, 2017). On the other hand, qualitative approach focuses on understanding situations in a subjective way. As such, various differences and similarities can be drawn from these methods.

            Firstly, qualitative technique is considered objective since it tries to discover a condition or problem from individual, cultural or social dynamics (MQHRG, n.d). As such, words, images, and behaviors are used when conducting research. On the other hand, quantitative is objective since research is mainly numerical in nature (Rhodes, 2016). For example, quantitative would precisely discover the number of heartbeats on a patient suffering from stress while qualitative would try to understand the reason behind that number of heartbeats. Secondly, quantitative tests theories or hypotheses from data collected and is often considered deductive. As such, it relies on mathematical formulas or measurements in order to be precise (MQHRG, n.d). Conversely, qualitative builds on concepts, theories, and hypotheses by relying on phrases or words making it inductive. Thirdly, quantitative methods generalize realities since data represent large populations. On the other hand, qualitative techniques tend to produce multiple realities since it represents perceptions that are changing continually (EBLING LIBRARY, 2017). Additionally, qualitative mostly uses observations and interviews while quantitative rely on questionnaires and surveys as collection instruments (MQHRG, n.d).

            Similarities of these methods relate to purpose, research questions, and collection instruments. Both methods aim at evaluating evidence in order to solve health concerns and improve living conditions. In this regard, the research question or problem is similar since they are both seeking answers. Furthermore, collection equipments such as questionnaires can be used in both cases during research.          

References

EBLING LIBRARY. (2017). Nursing Resources: Qualitative vs Quantitative. Retrieved from http://researchguides.ebling.library.wisc.edu/c.php?g=293229&p=1953453.

MQHRG. (n.d). Qualitative or Quantitative Research? Retrieved from https://www.mcgill.ca/mqhrg/resources/what-difference-between-qualitative-and-quantitative-research.

Rhodes, J. (2016). On Methods: What’s the difference between qualitative and quantitative approaches? Retrieved from http://chronicle.umbmentoring.org/on-methods-whats-the-difference-between-qualitative-and-quantitative-approaches/.