Health Promotion Programs – HOPE-ADP
Health promotion is one of the most challenging aspects of healthcare as it has to involve entire communities. To do this effectively, various resources have to be used extensively to ensure that the entire community is not only involved but also assisted to improve the quality of life of its members. One such resource is the HOPE Adult Day Program (HOPE-ADP), which is dedicated to providing supervised structured activities for eligible community members. The program supports health promotion through group activities targeting ethnocultural and South-Asian seniors who are frail and with physical, cognitive, or communicative impairments. Health promotion is achieved because the activities of the program provide mental, social, and physical stimulation to the participants. The program has the core objective of enhancing participant independence and also maintaining a high quality of life for the clients as well as their caregivers.
The community program is based on a community-based organization model, in which community members are sensitized to participate by identifying senior members with specific impairments. The identified clients are then linked into groups through which various health promotion activities are guided. The activities of the organization are run within a center, in which the clients are provided with opportunities for engaging in recreational activities, interact socially, be attended to by trained personnel, and generally boost their well-being. Furthermore, part of the activities of the center is aimed at improving the quality of life such that the clients are saved from the need for placement in nursing homes, and can stay in their own homes and within the community. The staff is caring, multilingual, and multicultural to provide culture-sensitive care due to the variation in client cultures.
The communities served by the program include those in Mira Mar, Poway, Mira Mesa, and other areas based on the arrangement. All the populations under the jurisdiction of the program are subject to the California Department of Health Services and the Department of Aging. The organization provides specific health promotion resources such as art materials for recreational activities, reading materials, and various other facilities for group interactions and socialization. Each of these resources is used for the accomplishment of specific treatment objectives. With a target population comprising mainly of individuals with impairments, consistent third-party support is necessary, and trained individuals are provided by the program for this purpose. The personnel is therefore another essential resource for the participants.
Besides HOP-ADP, other health promotion programs can be initiated within the community to help realize health goals. For instance, it has been observed that in recent years, the number of obese children has been steadily increasing (Zhang, Wang, Zhao & Chu, 2016). This means that children are being fed differently from how they were fed in earlier days. There are a lot of junk foods in the markets today, some of which are easily accessible even by children. As part of a community-based health promotion program, children can be involved in activities that promote their health through training on healthy eating, engagement in active sports, and the creation of awareness about the potential dangers of unhealthy eating and obesity. In this particular program, children would be divided into groups based on their obesity test results. Those who are overweight would be helped with the objective of reducing weight and becoming healthier while the obese would be engaged in more intensive activities. For such a program, Lobo, Petrich, and Burns (2014), posit that evaluation is an imperative activity. The evaluation process should involve multiple stakeholders and be based on organizational and individual capacity.
Lobo, R., Petrich, M., & Burns, S.K. (2014). Supporting health promotion practitioners to undertake evaluation for program development. BMC Public Health, 15, 1315. Retrieved from bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1315
Zhang, Y.X., Wang, Z.X., Zhao, J.S., & Chu, Z.H. (2016). Prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China: Urban- rural disparity. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 62(4), 293-300. Retrieved from academic.oup.com/tropej/article/62/4/293/2223632