The enhancement and promotion of healthcare have been considered by the policymakers and clinical practitioners for several decades. Health assets are described as the relevant patient background information and the collective resources that individuals and communities have at their disposal. This paper briefly evaluates the asset-based health promotion application approach to a social context. The paper will also examine the salutogenesis asset-based approach promotion in response to the elderly immunization of pneumonia.
The health promotion strategy is one of the ranges of valuable strategies that have been developed to improve healthcare delivery. Asset-based approaches value the connections of individuals in the community, their skills, and knowledge. The community should recognize that social outcomes and positive health cannot be achieved without having access to the opportunities and resources that surround them (Lindström, 2018). Therefore, assets-based approaches must be based on the fundamental principles of equality. The concept has been developed to focus on health assets within the public that are influenced by salutogenesis. Today salutogeneis is used as an asset-based approach to help the elderly follow up immunization of pneumonia has been used based on the equality principle to promote immunization to all the elderly people who are a higher risk of suffering from chronic illness.
Salutogenesis means the origin of health, which is more appropriate than other traditional approaches such as disease orientation. Salutogeneisis is centered on providing a path of changing how health is viewed and the discovery and use of individual resources. Thus, it is applicable in either the environment or an individual that helps to maintain a healthy status since it will help the elderly to follow up on immunization of pnuemonia. According to d’Alessio (2018), the traditional view of healthcare differs from salutogenesis because if they focused more on the search for the causes of the disease. Salutogenesis is a health model used to promote resource utilization because it describes the ways through which individuals can be helped to feel mentally and physically healthy and how the personal resilience can be improved with a good sense of well-being and quality life.
Some of the benefits of salutogenesis include inclusivity when taking the pneumonia immunization, it identifies resources that are already available (pneumonia immunization has existed for a long time), facilitates interdependence among the users, and is centered around effectiveness of delivering pneumonia immunization in the elderly (d’Alessio, 2018). However, the approach has some challenges such as lack of identification of the valuable assets since some of the highlighted resources might not be usable. The approach requires funds for investment to develop and create the necessary expertise and skills of the primary health promoters (Blickem et al., 2018). However, one crucial aspect of these asset-based approaches is the participation of the public in making decisions and processes that affect them.
Asset-based approach discussed above aims to redress the balance between evidence of what works by placing more emphasis on positive attributes derived from the identification of problems. The public should discuss the concepts of asset-based approaches as more asset-based work is implemented. Additionally, some factors such as policy making require further evaluation and clarification in the public context (Lindström, 2018). In particular, issues have been raised concerning the interpretation and use of ‘health assets.’ It calls for a crucial decision within the broader scope of asset-based approaches because they can be both resource and time consuming and can be faced with artificial challenges such as resistance from some healthcare practitioners.
Blickem, C., Dawson, S., Kirk, S., Vassilev, I., Mathieson, A., Harrison, R., … & Lamb, J. (2018). What is asset-based community development and how might it improve the health of people with long-term conditions? A realist synthesis. SAGE Open, 8(3), 2158244018787223.
d’Alessio, P. A. (2018). Salutogenesis and beyond. Dermatologic Therapy, e12783. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13573322.2016.1151779
Lindström, B. (2018). Workshop salutogenesis and the future of health promotion and public health. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 46(20_suppl), 94-98. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1403494817743902