Amy Cuddy – Power Poses
Individuals’ body language influences other individuals’ perceptions. In addition, body language transforms the way individuals perceive themselves. According to Amy Cuddy, a social psychologist, individuals can transform their feelings concerning their own status just by standing at a posture that exudes confidence. People are usually interested in other people’s body language, and simple gestures such as a handshake, a smile, and other non-verbal language can create long-lasting effects on other individual. Although non-verbal language affects individuals’ public appeal, Cuddy noted that individuals tend to forget how such language affects them.
Cuddy demonstrated on high power poses and low power poses to explain how their outcomes were after a few minutes. For instance, spreading one’s arms before an evaluative situation gives out a positive reflection about an individual. Both men and women seemed to perform well in golf after having a power pose. The results were that high power poses exuded better results even in gambling, where individuals are at risk of losing. People who fold their hands during interviews tend to feel insecure and may end up failing in their interviews. When individuals are being evaluated on their dream job, how they pose before their evaluators determines how suitable they are to clinch their jobs.
Cuddy’s message is that every individual has the power to manipulate other people positively through body language. Cuddy noted that individuals tend to become more powerful when they pretend to be powerful. Thus, individuals should fake situations until they make it if they want to succeed in accomplishing life’s goals. High power poses enable individuals to develop confidence. According to Cuddy, one should prepare in two minutes in advance for any challenge and endeavor not to portray dominance or compliment others in the interview panel room.
Michael Porter – Letting Business Solve Social Problems
Although most individuals are aware of the problems that are affecting the world today, a few people know how to deal with such problems. In his talk, Michael Porter posed a question on whether business can succeed in solving social problems. Porter has the idea that businesses can solve social problems, and consequently make profits. According to Porter, forming nonprofit organizations and having a supportive government can assist in eradicating social problem, but still, the progress is not fast enough. Porter discovered that the underlying dilemma in eliminating social problems is scale. Scarcity of resources makes its hard to scale the current model of eliminating social problems.
Social problems emanate from the creation of resources in society and businesses are involved in resource accumulation. Society only benefits when business create resources through taxes and charitable donations. Equally, business creates resources only after making profit. Through profit, whatever solution that Porter advocated for could become scalable. This implies that if business could give more from its profit, the responsibility of solving social issues could be much easier. In addition, porter suggested that business should adopt shared values in order to avoid inflicting more harm to society through pollution and accidents. By contributing in innovation and technology, business can help in scaling resources and subsequently minimizing social problems.
Solving social problems requires business to adapt to shared value, which incorporates dealing with such issues through a business model. In his conclusion, Porter pointed out how nonprofit entities have done well in solving social problems through collaborating with business, as well as government sectors. He asserted that governments should not be left alone to tackle social problems, but rather enhance shared value where companies are convinced to join willingly in this endeavor. Thus, solving social problems call for change of perception from business owners and students who are studying business courses.
Carol Dweck – Believing You Can Improve
The struggle to attain perfection is not a healthy way of reaching an individual’s potential, as some people may feel frustrated for being “not yet” ready for the future challenges. According to Carol Dweck, people develop different ways of handling challenges. For instance, when given a hard problem to solve, some children would respond by stating positively that they love challenges while others would think that it is catastrophic to handle problems that are beyond their abilities. Dweck has cautioned society from creating conditions that encourage negative behavior to attain perfection.
Dweck has advised parents and educators on how to make children develop themselves through engaging deeply to enhance growth mindset. They should not be compelled to score A’s, as this would not help in developing their intelligence. Instead, children should be commended demonstrating perseverance, strategies, effort, and improvement in their studies. In a mathematics game, rewards should be offered for following the appropriate process rather than getting the right answer. When pushed to undertake a difficult task, children are likely to develop stronger connections and become smarter over time. In this manner, they are likely to improve their aptitude through resilience and engagement.
The problem of equality may make children underperform in their studies, but when educators establish a positive attitude among students, equality happens. Children have to understand the meaning of effort to feel connected and ignore the feeling of dumbness and giving up. Dweck’s approach seemed to work, as a 13-year-old boy revealed to her that working hard in school, strengthening family connection, and interacting well with other kids in school made him improve in those areas. Dweck concluded that children should grow in an environment that encourages growth, as they focus on filling the gap of “not yet.”