Homework Question on Sigmund Freud and Thrasymachus on Justice
- Compare Sigmund Freud’s remarks on justice and the moral conscience or “super-ego” in Civilization and Its Discontents with the attitude and arguments of Thrasymachus in Book One of Plato’s Republic.
- What are the most important points from Thrasymachus, and how does Socrates resist or refute them?
- Would Freud side with Socrates or his Sophist adversary in their debate over justice? Would Freud attribute a super-ego to Thrasymachus? Why or why not?
- Cite key passages from both works to show analogous points or key contrasts. Which points would Freud find reasonable, and which might he resist or criticize?
- For all topics, define terms and support your points with frequent, brief quotations or citations of our works by standard reference number (for Plato) or page numbers in parentheses in the body of the text.
- Please follow the Modern Language Association (MLA) style for quotations, citations, and identification of sources Page numbers should correspond to the specific editions of the works listed on the Works Cited page following the essay.
- SOURCE Please use Sigmund Freud’s Civilization and Its Discontents Book and arguments of Thrasymachus in Book One of Plato’s Republic. Both are available online.
Homework Answer on Sigmund Freud and Thrasymachus on Justice
In his book about civilization and its discontents, Freud defines the term civilization as a word that describes the sum of the achievements as well as the regulations that differentiates human lives from those of their ancestors and which serve two main functions namely; to protect humanity against nature and to adjust humanity’s mutual relationships (Freud, p. 89). Freud maintains that higher levels of justice must prevail in order to maintain a civil state.
According to Freud, justice is the universal principles of equity and respect for others. Further, Freud defines super-ego as a component of a person’s personality. On the contrary, Thrasymachus defines justice as being nothing other than the advantage of the stronger. Thrasymachus observes that although there are many cities in Greece, they had varied definitions of justice, and all benefited the ruling class (Freud, p. 1).
Freud as the founding father of psychoanalysis makes a tremendous contribution to the understanding of the unconscious mind on the human behavior. As part of Freud’s theory, he believed that the mind was comprised of three major parts namely; the id, ego as well as the superego. He further urged that the pre-conscious mind was highly important in this process. The preconscious mind, according to Freud, contains thoughts that are unconscious, but which can be easily recalled.