Sample Literature Essay Paper on The main themes and styles of Cullen and Hughes (mother to son by Hughes and Heritage by Cullen)


The main themes and styles of Cullen and Hughes (mother to son by Hughes and Heritage by Cullen)

            The types of style adopted by an author as well as the themes in the texts are important features that distinguish literature content. The authors may use similar styles to cover different topics or they may discuss the same theme using different styles. The texts written by Hughes and Cullen were compiled at the same period when the African Americans were trying to fight for acceptance in the society that was dominated by the whites. Therefore, the theme of the texts written by these authors revolves around that period but the styles used differ, forming a basis for comparing and contrasting their work.

            While Hughes uses rhythm to communicate his message, Cullen uses rhymes.  Hughes poems show more focus on rhythm than rhyme and he blends the American English with the black Americans style to bring out the rhythm.  Hughes poems are more focused on the integration of African Americans with the American society. The poem about mother to son is an excellent example that shows his desire for the country to be united by nationality. Cullen’s poems focus more on embracing the African heritage and fighting and upholding their culture instead of adopting the white culture to gain acceptance. An example of his poems that clearly showed his desire to have African Americans preserve their culture is Heritage.

            Despite the difference in styles used by the two authors, their work had a similar message. They both condemned the racial discrimination that existed in the country during the time. Although they had a different approach in expressing their message, their main intention was to show the possibility of a society where the whites and the African Americans were united by one factor, their nationality.

Main Themes Expressed By Frost in Three Poems (fire and ice, nothing gold can stay and Acquainted with the night)

            Most of the poems by Robert Frost are based on the theme of nature.  Most of the descriptions he uses to express different emotions are related to nature. For instance, he uses gold to symbolize value while darkness symbolizes bad luck. The first poem that uses the theme of nature extensively is fire and ice that questions the fate of the world. While some people believe that the world will end in an eternal fire, Frost proposes the possibility of ice marking the world’s end.  He compares fire to personal experience relating to emotions such as desire and passion. Ice is related to experiences such as hatred. In the end, Frost claims that whether the world will end in fire or ice, both are equally destructive.

            The second poem that uses the theme of nature is nothing gold can stay that uses different aspects of nature such as colors and flowers to enhance the message. The poem explains that all the beauty that nature presents us do not last forever no matter how valuable or useful it is to the society.  The poem explains the source of life and death as human beings will eventually die regardless of their positions in the society.  The poem also gives the readers a purpose to enjoy each precious moment they have before it ends.

            The third poem by Frost that uses nature as the main theme is Acquainted with the night as it shows the interaction of mankind with nature.  The speaker contrasts the manmade lights used in the cities with the natural moonlight.  He cites that the natural light by the moon shines better than the manmade light, beyond the lights of civilization.

Eugenides’s Ability to Find the Humor As well As the Tragedy in Cal’s Story (Middlesex)

            Eugenide finds humor and tragedy in Cal’s story that creates work that helps understand the difference and similarities in the community with regard to sexuality. Cal’s story concerns a 41 year old who does not know whether to be a male or a female due to the hermaphrodite nature blamed on the ancestors. Humor is evident by the expressions that Eugenide uses to explain the source of the rare sexuality.

             He cites that Cal blames the past family generations for passing on the damaged gene. The author uses this humor to capture the attention of the readers. The gene is said to bring about gender irregularities that make it hard for the person to balance between their male and female self. The attempt to find this balance is likened with the struggle that Cal’s Greek grandparents experienced in fighting for acceptance in the American society.

            Eugenide discusses various tragedies with regard to Cal’s story. The world war for instance is one of these tragedies that the Greeks had to deal with. The other tragedy is the Vietnam War and fight for equality in the society through civil rights movements. The tragedies resulted in loss of lives, depression and a lot of property was damaged but in the end, the community found peace (Shostak 400). This is compared to Cal’s struggle to accept the dual sexuality over the years. She struggled to maintain a balance between being male and female and in the end settled for female as it is indicated by her name. Establishing herself as a female ended the struggles she went through just the same way the community ended the tragedies it faced over the years.

Works cited

Shostak, Debra. “” Theory Uncompromised by Practicality”: Hybridity in Jeffrey Eugenides’             Middlesex.” Contemporary Literature 49.3 (2008): 383-412.