Sample International Relations Research Proposal on Development Without Destruction: The Un and Global Resource Management

Research Question

The research process will aim at providing answers to the question:

What are the challenges that the United Nations face and how do these challengesinfluence its

capacity to deliver on its mandate?

Research Design

The research project will employ an approach of comparison based on qualities. Considering the nature of the study, this is the preferred design since it has merits over quantitative research method. For instance, comparison based on qualities enables one conducting the research to thoroughly investigate the problem without variables limitations. Moreover, the approach permits use of subjective data which cannot be analyzed via methods of statistics (Advantages and Disadvantages of Qualitative Research). Also, the nature of the problem needs an in depth comprehension of social as well as scientific issues and design solutions to various situations. This rules out any quantitative analysis, leaving qualitative approach to be the most suitable research design for this project.

Literature Review

Challenges Facing the UN in the International System

The UN ensures that  its mandate is  more effective by maintaining international peace and security. By maintaining the peace, the UN can focus on finding solutions to global issues  rather than conflict resolutions. However, there are peace and security challenges in areas where the UN has limited access. These challenges affect  the organization’s  ability to maintain peace. UN activities in dealing with peace and security have evolved since 1945 until now in 2017. From 1945 to 1989, the UN Charter  was intended to offer a comprehensive solution for the use of force and conflict resolution (Schrijver 200). The UN has highlighted procedures to be followed by members states to solve international conflcits.  

The current UN Security Council took over the UN Emergency Force which was formed in 1956 by the General Assembly. Emergency Force was responsible for supervising  the withdrawal of  French, British and Isrel units. Also, it was responsible for guarding the Gaza trip. Another important operation carried out by the organization was the operation in Congo in 1960 to 1964 (Schrijver 301). The two operations have portrayed that peacekeeping was not an easy task to carry out.

In 1974, the UN formed a force responsible for monitoring the truce and offer a defense  in the Yom Kippur War. Several political necessities became essential to justify deployment: continued support of the Security Council, the consent of the parties involved to the decree,  states’ willingness to supply personnel and fund the operation, and use of force only in self-defense.

In 1990s, there was the wake of optimism and a new surge of efforts. There were new tasks for enforcement operations under Chapter VII, which primarily involved internal conflicts. These operations lacked the consent of the parties like the case of Bosnia and Somalia. During this period, the actions were excessively ambitious, given the substantial  political and financial constraints placed  on theorganization by nations. The lack of success by the UN can be traced to oversretched resoruces and alck of political backing which overstretched its management and admisntrative systems.

Besides, the UN  failure to put in place the predicted comprehensive security system brought severe concerns. States  relied on the unilateral use of force. Several major powers  such as the USA engaged in unilateral military action. The UN General Assembly passed a sequence of legislative determinations on issues associated with the unilateral use of force. It was agreed that the UN long-lasting states would not be part of peacekeeping. Due to the political, logistical and financial constraints, the UN revolved to a policy of devolution.

In the recent years, Some of the challenges of peace and security are basically conceptual. In some of the recent conflicts between the member states, the UN has arbitrarily participated in their solution without the express permission by the parties involved. This has hampered the UN peace keeping efforts. The UN personnel work  in an environment of ongoing armed conflict and no guaranteed respect for their role or safety (Ramcharan 168). The member states are unwilling to offer the organization with the adequate resources to perform implementation tasks. Up to date, without the political, financial and logistical support from the United States, no task has ever been accomplished successfully. Also, the UN is met with increasing criticism from member states and it has begun to address  shortcomings in its operational capacity.

Conclusion

The United Nations aims at solving some of the World’s pertinent problems, such as alienation of poverty and peace promotion. Nonetheless, the organization is hampered by challenges that impacts on its effectiveness like global warming and unending conflicts. The research project proposed will seek to establish the nature of these problems and the methods through which the United Nations can mitigate their impacts on top of exploiting opportunities availed by technology.

Works Cited

Schrijver, Nico. Development Without Destruction: The Un and Global Resource Management. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP, 2010.

Ramcharan, B G. The Protection Roles of Un Human Rights Special Procedures. Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2009.