Sample HR Management Research Proposal Paper on The Military’s Secret Shame

Chapter 1

Problem Definition

Administrative Problem

Workplace violence assumes different forms. It is detrimental to development, unity, and teamwork within the workplace. This kind of violence ranges from threats, verbal abuses, physical assault, intimidation or harassment at the work site (Osha.gov, 2015). The study focuses on sexual assault prevention in the United States Army. As such, the study reviews approaches to manage violence in the workplace. The study evaluates the cause of sexual assault within the United States Army and suggests useful strategies such as instituting a zero acceptance rule toward sexual assault in the army for alleviating the predicament. This chapter introduces the study, the background to the study followed by the problem statement, basic research questions, scope, and delimitations of the study and hypothesis.

Background

Sexual assault is defined as a crime of sexual contact with an individual who is not a willing participant (Kime, 2014). Violent sex crimes comprise of non-consensual sodomy, rape, offensive assault and any form of attempts by force, through physical threat or abuse of authority. According to Osha.gov (2015), approximately 2 million employees in the country have reported having been victims of violence at work yearly. The United States Military has increased cases of sexual harassment over the previous years, yet Army rules provide for the treatment with utmost respect for military personnel (Ellison, 2011), and that nobody is allowed to surpass the personal boundary of their workmates. According to previous studies, sexual assault as a form of violence in the place of work was present before the nineteenth century. From 2006, there has been a startling and consistent increase in violent sex crimes within the United States Army with harassment of more than 5,000 troops reported in 2013. Moreover, reported cases confirm that around 2,500 soldiers do not report their cases as they believe their perpetrators will not be persecuted (McLaughlin, 2015). Other studies reveal that one out of the five females and one out of the fifteen males in the military suffered some form of sexual harassment or sexual assault (Kime, 2014).

The results of the Iraq war show that most of the women veterans had issues overcoming post-traumatic stress syndrome after settling back into their everyday life. In addition, 15% of the female service members who deployed during the war were shown to have traces of military sexual trauma when examined by medical personnel at the Veteran Affairs Hospital (Ellison, 2011). The army administration, unit, organization, and employers are affected adversely by this vice, as many of the perpetrators are high-ranking individuals in the military. The increasing rate of sexual assault among the Army personnel has made the United Nations address human rights aspects of the Military. After carrying out investigations, the United Nations Council advised United States government to prevent sexual violence. This advice came out of 12 recommendations the United Nations suggested to America (McLaughlin, 2015). Though policies to prevent and protect the military from sexual assault exist, many commanding army leaders are not adequately upholding them.

According to Ellison (2011), one reason sexual assault festers in the military is its leadership structure. In the military, sexual assault is handled by the chain of command. That means that a victim’s commanding officer can intervene at any point: to stop an investigation, reduce a sentence or even set aside a conviction. Commanding Army officers ought to address the issue by re-evaluating the effectiveness of the policies against verbal threats, physical violence and domestic violence (Kime, 2014). This will help to increase their ability to communicate the significance and importance of prevention, response, and mitigate retaliation to the victims.

Research Problem

Sexual assault in the workplace has been on the increase presently (Kime, 2014). This is despite stipulated rules within the organization, which warns staff members engaging in violent behavior. Violent sex crime cases have been reported by both genders whereas female violation has increased even in professions such as in the U.S Army, which has stringent rules and policies against sexual assault. The effect of sexual assault is dreadful, as productivity within the work has been decreasing. Additionally, the cost to organizations is staggering as one incident may have profound repercussions. For organizations, this may lead to diversion of management resources into unplanned activities and psychological damage among employees. For this logic, it is necessary to come up with better strategies for managing and preventing sexual assault in the Army.

Thesis

Better policies and strategies can be implemented in managing sexual assault within the United States Army such as a zero tolerance rule toward sexual assault.

Research Objectives

  • To examine the basis of increased sexual assault in the United States Army.
  • To review the reasons for the increasing cases of sexual assault within the United States Army.
  • Develop strategies to overcome this problem within the United States Army.

Research Questions

This study seeks to prevent and manage sexual assault within the United States Army. To meet the objectives of the study, research questions have been created. These include:

  1. In what ways can the established doctrine of a strong anti-harassment policy in the United States Army prevent sexual assault in the workplace amongst service members?
  2. How can the military improve its performance in addressing sexual assault complaints promptly?
  3. How effective are the efforts to encourage service members on Fort Huachuca in the Intelligence Center of Excellence (ICoE) who encounter sexual assault to report such cases?
  4. How effective are the existing programs or policies in the elimination of sexual assault in the ICoE?

Scope and Delimitations

Workplace harassment assumes many forms such as verbal abuse, threatening behavior, sexual and physical assault. To meet the objectives of this study, the research will focus on sexual assault within the U.S Army. Sexual assault cases have been increasing at an alarming rate despite the policies guiding most organizations concerning work ethics and personal boundaries (Kime, 2014). The study will focus on both genders of the U.S Army. As such, the study will review strategies on how to prevent sexual assault in the Army. According to the doctrine and policies of the Army, all military personnel are to be treated with utmost respect by their subordinates and peers. Nobody is allowed to surpass the personal boundary of the workmates. Furthermore, the military Chain of Command has stipulated strict punishments in case of faltering of any of their policies. The stringent rules have somehow caught the attention of the public in relation to the rising cases of sexual assault within this profession.

According to previous studies, sexual assault as a form of violence in the workplace has been present before the nineteenth century. Previously, this form of violence mainly affected the female gender. Presently, one out of every 15 males has reported being sexually violated in their profession. This study therefore focuses on the prevention of sexual assault in the United States Army. In instances of sexual violence in the workplace, the organization tends to lose as the rate of workers’ performance is inclined to reduce due to low productivity (Kime, 2014). When organizations fail to adequately manage sexual victims due to limited knowledge on the issue, everybody suffers. The Soldier’s creed states I will never leave a fallen comrade. This research on the prevention of sexual assault will be of great significance to the leaders, commanders and organizations as it will add up to the pool of knowledge where solutions over the same problem can be drawn.

References

Ellison, J. (2011). “The Military’s Secret Shame.” Newsweek. 2011, 11th April

Kime, P. “Incidents of Rape in Military Much Higher than Previously Reported.” Military Times. 2014, 5th December.

McLaughlin, J. “The US Military’s Sexual –Assault Problem is so Bad the UN is getting Involved.” Mother Jones. 2015, 14th May

OSHA. Gov. Guidelines for preventing Workplace Violence. 2015