1 a) Is money a good motivator? Why or why not?
Money is a good and straightforward motivator. The thought of earning extra pay motivates people to
work hard. However, in some cases, money is not always a motivator. Some employees are more interested in
learning than the money itself. They are driven by passion and not money earned.
b) Under which circumstances do you think money can be a good or poor motivator of work
A single parent works hard since money is the motivator for them. In such a situation, the single parent
meets their targets and even picks up extra shifts to earn more money. They will be disciplined, and the hard
work leads to high productivity and good performance. Here, money is a good motivator of work behavior.
Money is also a poor motivator of work behavior. Employees paid vast amounts of money, no longer see
money as a motivator Lack of motivation leads to a decline in productivity. According to Maslow’s hierarchy of
needs, once an employee has reached self-actualization, money is no longer a motivation. They are interested in
acquiring skills and making an impact at their workplaces. Sometimes money rewards result in rivalry, lack of
unity, and reduction of teamwork.
c)Compare and contrast pay with other types of rewards managers can use to motivate workers.
Money and other types of rewards are both used by managers to motivate employees. For employees
that do not care much for money, non-monetary rewards will come in handy. For example, an employee that has
reached the self-actualization stage appreciates a higher learning course more than money.
2 a) Compare and contrast two variable-pay programs. What pros and cons do you see in each?
Both bonuses and incentive programs are used to motivate employees. However, an employee qualifies
for a bonus after completing a particular task. In contrast, an incentive is offered before the inception of a task.
An incentive is communicated to all employers that are on the proposed plan. Bonuses and incentives lead to
increased sales since employees are motivated to work hard and meet their targets. Nonetheless, bonuses and
incentives can encourage deception in workplaces. Employees may get involved in suspicious activities so that
they can meet their targets and enjoy the programs.
b) Under which circumstances or which types of jobs do you think they would each work
Bonus programs work effectively in the banking sector. Employees are motivated to meet targets, profits
increase, and employees qualify for bonuses. Incentives programs work effectively in sales and marketing jobs.
Incentives are communicated to the employees, and they aware of what goals they are working to achieve.
3 a) Briefly discuss the difference between individual and collective creativity.
Collective creativity is where people from different areas come together and work towards solving
problems. Pixar does not consider individual creativity since when people work together, an individual's idea is
modified, adjusted, and made better. (Edwin 2008)
b) Describe and operating principles for fostering collective creativity that could be applied to
In an organization dealing with the production of a product, project leaders are responsible for product
development. A culture that encourages motivation and support of work in progress of other employees is built,
and all barriers that may disrupt teamwork are dismantled.
Edwin Catmull (2008) how Pixar Pixar fosters collective creativity.