Sample History Research Paper Summary on The World War II

World War II

The major causes of the World War II are yet to be determined, however, it remains to be the largest war in the history of the world that was fought on a global scale. The war begun in 1939 and was fought until 1945. Involving more than 100 million members of the military from more than 30 nations, the war began to escalate gradually following its inception as a testing of powers through smaller conflicts which eventually blew into a full war. The main war occurred after the separation of the key militaries into two opposing armies. The members of various world militaries were thus exposed to the world superpowers at the time.

Consequently, the war had no difference between military resources and civilian resources (Adamthwaite 87). One of the factors that have been considered to have contributed to the beginning of the Second World War is the signing of the Versailles Treaty, which the Germans considered to amount to betrayal by their government as the treaty was signed to work in accordance with the Principles laid down by the American President. Moreover, the treaty, which was meant to end the First World War, resulted in key economic changes in Germany and the world such as Hyperinflation.

In addition to the economic consequences of the treaty, it also forced German to demilitarization of Rhineland and annexation of Austria and Poland, changes which prevented the spread of Germany (Klooz and Wiley 13). Following the entry of the Fascist party into power in Italy in 1922 under Benito Mussolini, the Germans also quickly developed Fascist attitudes under Adolf Hitler due to aggressive nationalism, which led to the rise of the Nazi regime. In response to the strict rules of the Nazi regime, the communist party in Germany staged an opposition, which initiated the formulation of adverse laws such as stripping of Jewish nationalism, and prosecution of opponents to the Nazi rule.

Between 1935 and 1938, Hitler gave various orders that went contrary to the Versailles Treaty such as remilitarization of Rhineland, and reoccupation of Poland and Austria, which greatly expanded the size of the German army. To make matters more adverse, some countries such as the Great Britain also enlisted some of the German military, an act which conformed to the violation of the treaty. Germany demanded Czechoslovakia and was given only part of it. However, the German government went ahead and took control of the country and even went further to continue demanding for Poland.

Following the demands by Germany, the International community declined to give in to these demands which made Germany to open war with France and the United Kingdom. In a bid to win the war, Germany made certain to form strong alliances with willing European nations such as Italy. The alliance formed between Germany and Italy grew stronger through the decision not to fight the Soviet Union but to sign a treaty with them in order to divide the neighboring European countries between the two (Taylor 67). The Axis formed by Germany and its allies began fighting against the alliance that was later formed between the U.K and the West.

As the war escalated, the impacts continued to be more adverse with the Axis gaining the input of Japan which later attacked the United States and European countries serially. The Axis seemed to be winning the war until Japan lost a key battle in 1942. This was followed by sustained battled until the U.S dropped two bombs on two consecutive days at Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan in August 1945. The Soviet Union also attacked Japan in the same month in a retaliatory attack (Zeiler 49). Japan subsequently surrendered, leading to the end of the war which had claimed thousands of lives.

Works Cited

Adamthwaite, Anthony. The Making of the Second World War. New York: Routledge, 1992.

Klooz, Marle and Evelyn Wiley. ” Events leading up to World War II: Chronological history of certain major international events leading up to and during World War II with the ostensible reasons advanced for their occurrence — 1931–1944.” 78th Congress, 2nd Session. Washington: The United States Government Printing Office, 1944. 18-94.

Taylor, Jay. The Origins of the Second World War. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1961.

Zeiler, Thomas. Unconditional Defeat: Japan, America, and the End of World War II. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2004.

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