Homework Question on The roots of slavery in North America
- Explain why African slavery took root in the North American colonies. Support your ideas.
- In your opinion, which group played the most significant role in helping to win the war? The Continental Army, the colonists, the rebel militias, the French allies, or the British themselves? Support you argument.
Homework Answer on The roots of slavery in North America
The roots of slavery in North America can be traced back to the 1400s when the Europeans landed in Africa for the first time. In the beginning, the outcome of the contact between the Europeans was constructive and was of mutual benefit, in that it led to the opening of trade routes and expansion of markets, as they both abided by the mutually agreed rules to govern the trade. The African profited from the new technology and knowhow and the products exchanged by the Europeans, whereas the Europeans benefited from rich African resources, majorly mineral and agricultural.
The relationship between the two cultures fell out when the Europeans vested interest in the African humans as the resource. Some Africans were captured but they were taken to Europe to learn English so as to better the trade relations while others only worked as subordinates. Many Europeans involved themselves in the slave trade due to the anticipated profits they would make. For instance, the Portuguese focused on the West and East African regions while the Dutch focused on South Africa as began trade on human lives.
During the late 1400s, the Europeans got established and the emerging powers had the need to control territories in the new regions of the North and South America and the West Indies. Countries like Spain, Portugal, Netherlands and Sweden began to claim parts of Western Hemisphere by creating colonies. Sooner, in the mid 1600s, regular routes by the colonies were established, which gave rise to the triangular trade. The most common routes were the shores of West Africa (first stop), where the slaves were assembled to the Caribbean Islands (second stop), where the British and the French bid and sold them to the plantation owners.