Homework Question on Civil War Paper
- Over 600,000 Americans lost their lives in the Civil War, with the Northern troops suffering higher losses. The North believed the sacrifice was worth it; the slaves were freed, and the Union was preserved. The South, on the other hand, began almost immediately to glorify the lost cause. They turned their generals into mythic heroes and looked wistfully back at the antebellum period. They almost regretted surrendering. Historian Shelby Foote said, Any understanding of this nation has to be based…on an understanding of the Civil War . . . The Civil War defined us as what we are, and it opened us to being what we became, good and bad things. It is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th century to learn about this enormous catastrophe of the mid-19th century.
- It was the crossroads of our being. Burns, K. & Burns, R. (Writers). (1990). Episode 1: The cause (1861). In K. Burns (Producer), The Civil War. Arlington, VA: Public Broadcasting Service.
- Write a 1,400-word paper in which you answer the following questions:
- What do you think Foote meant in the quoted passage? How does the Civil War define Americans?
- If the Southern generals like Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson were so brilliant, and if the South lost fewer men than the North, why did the North win the war?
- Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Cite every paragraph!
Homework Answer on Civil War Paper
Events that led to Civil War and the Outcome
The Civil War of 1861 is considered the central event in American History that led to the end of slavery and creation of a stronger union, and contrary to the objectives of the 1776 Revolution, the Civil War determined the kind of nation America would become. On the views political governance of social integration, the Civil War had its focus on two fundamental issues (Glatthaar & Gallagher, 2001, p. 21).
The first issue was whether U.S.A would remain a dissolvable confederation with sovereign state while the second issue was whether to refer to U.S.A as an indivisible nation with one sovereign national government (Glatthaar & Gallagher, 2001, p. 21). The Civil War was also connected to issues of equal right to liberty and that U.S.A would make a declaration as the largest slaveholding nation in the world.
The Civil War was triggered by the uncompromising differences shown by the free and slave states over the new government policy to end slavery and slave trade within the American territories that had not yet become full states (Glatthaar & Gallagher, 2001, p. 23). Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican President of U.S.A had promised prior to his victory to keep American territories free of slavery. While seven states in the South seceded to form a new Confederate States of America, the Lincoln administration and people from the North had to reject the legitimacy of the secession (Glatthaar & Gallagher, 2001, p. 24).