Homework Question on Byzantine Empire
- Discuss the Byzantine Empire in detail. Be sure to mention the emperor Justinian and the building of Hagia Sophia. Also, the iconoclastic controversy.
- Discuss the rise of the Middle Ages in Western Europe and how life differed from the time of Roman Empire. Be sure to mention the Feudal System and the construction of Castles.
- Discuss Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire. Be sure to mention the revival of learning and Romanesque Architecture
- Discuss Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Be sure to mention the prologue and at least one of the tales.
Homework Answer on Byzantine Empire
The beginning of the Byzantine Empire can be traced when the Roman ruler Constantine I devoted a new Rome on the site of the early Greek camp of Byzantium. Later, justinian I took power and he became the first great leader of the Byzantine kingdom. In his period of ruling, the empire integrated most of the land neighboring the Mediterranean Sea. Under Justinian ruling, numerous grand monuments of the empire were constructed as well as the domed Church of Holy Wisdom which was also referred to as Hagia Sophia.
Justinian also changed the Roman law by instituting a Byzantine official code that helped shape the present conception of the government. During the eighth century, Byzantine emperors organized a movement that deprived the sanctity of icons and banned their worship or adoration. This was referred to as Iconoclasm where the movement waxed and faded under different rulers.
The middle Ages can be described as a time of wealth and growth for the Byzantine as well as Islamic empires. Conversely, Western Europe produced a small number of artistic or cultural inventions, and therefore the period is commonly known as the “darkages.” During this period, Western Europe was constantly under risk of attack from outside forces, like the Byzantines and there was also internal enmity and atrocities. However later in this period the population of Europe improved significantly as scientific as well as agricultural innovations enabled trade to thrive. There was an organization called feudalism, which is a political arrangement whereby knights owed military service to their overlords in exchange for the right to rent from lands.