Sample History Essay Paper on The Concept Of Industrialization, Globalization And Expansionism

Over the years the world has changed significantly since the beginning of the industrial revolution in terms of population increase, increase in global travel, and change in technology. Industrialization made people in rural areas to relocate in cities so that they could work in industries. There was a need for international integration to ensure that final commodities produced in these industries reached the markets. There was also a need to expand in other areas in search of raw materials for the industries. The paper explains how industrialization, globalization, and expansionism are related to each other.


Before the industrial revolution between 1700s and 1800, only a few countries had allowed people to be involved in economic activities. For instance, half of the world economic output came from India and China. During the 18th century, trade around the world expanded significantly[1]. Numbers in Europe grew significantly as a result of the industrial revolution. During world war one, the world witnessed globalization in a bigger way than it had ever seen before. One of the reasons that there was a rise in globalization was the fact that there was a need to improve transportation system in order to bring people together.  Globalization is linked to the industrial revolution is that people had to travel from the rural areas to urban centres to look for jobs. Also, there was a need to transport manufactured goods from these industries to where there was demand. Globalization was influenced by the expansion of international companies in Europe and United States. Also the exchange of products, technology and development in science has played a key role in globalization.

In the 19th Century globalization was accelerated by the industrial revolution. The industries that came up required raw material which had to be imported from a distant land. There was also a need to sell the final products from these industries to distant countries. For example, companies in Britain had to import cotton from India in return export goods from the industries. Final products such as clothes and blankets had to be sold to countries all over the world such as India, Brazil, United States and Australia.

Industrial Revolution

The industrial revolution was directly linked with globalization. For instance, in the 19th century there was interdependency among countries it in terms of trade, expansion of consumption culture, emergence of politics, interconnection of financial markets, and democratization. The production cost of goods went down as a result of massive production. Before the industrial revolution, everything was at level grounds in terms of economic activities and the rural-urban migration. However the industrial revolution brought changes as great opportunities were created in Europe, which later led to competition and wars among people. Globalization entails about connecting all the corners of the world to each other. The only way to globalization was to take place was through the industrial revolution[2]. The reduction in cost of production resulted in new marketing policies on a global scale. The increase in the production of goods, colonies were no longer seen as sources of raw material. They now became markets for commodities that were produced in the industries. As a result of the industrial revolution, there was a need to improve the infrastructure to link the source of raw materials and the industries. The improved infrastructure was also used to transport the final commodities to where they were needed. As a result cities were interlinked. Some cities provided financial services that ensured there was flow of money in the markets. In the 19th century more land was required to accommodate industrialization. There was a need to acquire more lands to set up the industries and people who were relocated to cities. Also, there was a need for expansion to create space to produce raw materials that were needed by the industries.


As a result of the industrial revolution, globalization around the world grew significantly. There was a need to look for new lands to accommodate the effects of globalization. For an instant, the United State in the late 1800s, it was forced to expand westward. The United State believed that it had the right to acquire more land in the Western part of the continent. In the quest to gain control of the west, Texas and the New Mexico American were captured by the Americans. During the tenure of President James Polk, a lot of expansion was witnessed through acquiring more land from Mexico, a country that was seen to be weak. This led to the Mexican-American war. After the United State won they were able to control Mexico and California. The California gold rush led to the industrial revolution as more people migrated to this area, Efforts to gain control of more West territories of the native people was a huge success for the United State.


Conclusively, industrial revolution, globalization and expansionisms are related in many ways. Industrial revolution led to globalization as there was a need to link various parts of the world with each other. More land was required so as to produce raw materials for industries in Europe. This led to colonization of some countries all over the world. Later on these colonies no longer became sources of raw materials as final commodities were also sold in these countries.


Cazdyn, Eric M, and Imre Szeman. After Globalization. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2012.

Kennedy, Rita. “Elements Of The European Industrial Revolution”. Sciencing, Last modified 2017.

[1] Eric M Cazdyn and Imre Szeman, After Globalization New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2012.

[2] Kennedy, Rita. “Elements Of The European Industrial Revolution”. Sciencing, Last