Sample History Essay Paper on Implications of the Ironic combination of Confucianism and Daoism

            According to The Sacred East, Daoism and Confucianism are two diverse religious and social forces of ancient China.  These forces have not only coexisted in China but also spread to other parts of East and Southeast Asia. Both Daoism and Confucianism offer different approaches to tackling life problems as well as questions related to religion (Littleton, 2010). In particular, Confucianism is concerned with the society and the role of each member of the community. Daoism, on the other hand, concentrates much on nature and its relationship with human beings. Nevertheless, these traditions supplement each other. This paper presents the possible implications of the Ironic combination of Confucianism and Daoism.

            Daoism supporters –also known as Taoists –believe that one can lead a happy life if he does not interfere with the balance of nature. Daoism is based on the premise that there should be a balance the world. This principle of letting nature take its course is associated with Ying Yang symbol of the Chinese. The principle also advocates for peaceful coexistence among people without rearranging the universe to achieve your desires. This explains why emperors ruled ancient China. The emperors were mandated by heaven to rule (Littleton, 2010). This mandate was not permanent as it was lost when a person overthrew the emperors. On the other hand, Confucianism also established some ruling methods. A case in point is the demonstration of Confucianism teachings by renowned emperors Yao and Shun. Their ruling was based on trustworthiness, justice, decorum and compassion. This demonstrates that combination of Daoism and Confucianism principles in the modern ruling would bring about balance in leadership. This blend would bring leadership that is in line with the rule of law as well as enhancing environmental protection.

            The combination of Daoism and Confucianism impacts positively on the visual arts as well as on secular literature. This explains why spiritual books of ancient China featured pictures found on the walls of temples. Other literatures influenced by Daoism and Confucianism include the Lives of the Immortals. This influence later contributed to the botanical and mineralogical drawing of a remarkably high level (Littleton, 2010). Also, the high standards in calligraphy are realized through these traditions, for instance, the famous Wang Xinzi. Likewise, in the field of secular literature in China, the works of Confucianism and Daoism especially Daodejing citations and patent imitations were embraced in Schools. Also, Maoshan literature came to be of great impact on secular writings.

            Another impact of combining Daoism and Confucianism is observed in the field of science. Physiological techniques borrowed from Daoism traditions have largely been incorporated into science. In fact, traditional healers and hygienists from Daoism have added a lot of knowledge into the field of medicine, which has been operating independently. Confucianism, on the other hand, delves into ethical issues in the society. This contributes to the establishment of churches, education institutions, roads and other state buildings for human development. Moreover, Confucianism brings about stability in a country since it is based on the premise that every individual has a place in the society. In China, for example, many schools thrived as a result of Confucianism (Littleton, 2010). This resulted in many young men becoming scholars. Confucianism is also associated with the economy boom. This is a classic example of how the ironic combination of Daoism and Confucianism can contribute to developments in society. However, Confucianism religious beliefs play a major role in viewing women as subordinates in the society. Women are seen as less wise or powerful compared to men; a major drawback of Confucianism.


Littleton, C. S. (2010). The Sacred East: Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, Shinto. London: Duncan Baird.