Sample Health Care Essay Paper on Immunization and Infectious Disease

Immunization and Infectious Disease

Student’s Name,

California Nurses Association Member,

155 Grand Ave,

Oakland, CA 94612.

T. (510) 273-2200

F. (510) 663-1625

The Honorable S. Johanna Smith,

U.S House of Representatives,

317 Cannon House Office Building,

Washington, DC 20515.

Re: IMMUNIZATION AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES POLICY IMPOVEMENT

Dear Mrs. Smith,

One of the goals for the country is to increase the rates of immunization and reduce the occurrence of preventable infectious diseases. Infectious diseases have been a major concern for the country as they contribute to increased rates of morbidity, mortality, and disability. Under the initiative to increase the number of Healthy people by 2020, some of the objectives aimed at promoting immunization and management of infectious diseases include promotion of clinical and community activities and development of technological advances in the healthcare field. This initiative also aims to strengthen the partnership between local public health departments, healthcare practitioners’ organizations, and other non-governmental organizations as a way of promoting management immunization practices and controlling infectious diseases.  

Immunization is one of the most cost-effective method of preventing diseases as it also reduced the likelihood of disabilities. Immunizations programs for children save approximately 33,000 lives, prevent more than 14 million cases of infectious diseases, and reduces the costs associated with healthcare by $9.9 billion. Provision of vaccines to children also helps the country to save about $33.4 billion that could have been used indirectly in their treatment or care provision. Nearly 42,300 people die in the country annually due to diseases that can be prevented by vaccines (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2018). Underprivileged communities are at an increased risk of being affected by diseases that can be prevented by vaccination.

Between 2014 and 2015, a measles outbreak that originated in California showed the potential for widespread transmission of infectious diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. Through the outbreak, 125 cases of measles were confirmed and 45% of the patients were found to be unvaccinated (Ward, Flowers, Gansler, Omer, & Bednarczyk, 2017). Of the 125 cases, 110 were identified among California residents. Although there has been a reduction in the number of widespread measles infections, there is a need to promote prevention of such diseases through an emphasis on childhood immunization and creation of awareness, especially in underprivileged communities. Improving immunization practices in the country will reduce the risks of an outbreak while at the same time reducing other risks associated with complications or disabilities resulting from preventable diseases such as poliomyelitis.

Immunization is an effective way of preventing diseases because they protect vaccinated people from infections while at the same time promoting disease-prevention at the communal level. People with immunosuppressive conditions such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, and other chronic illnesses have a higher likelihood of acquiring infectious diseases (Lee, Rosenthal, & Scheffler, 2013). Promotion of immunization reduces the risks of mortality among such individuals and provides “herd immunity” for the country.

Approaches for promoting immunization and infectious diseases that can be implemented include sensitization on the importance of vaccination, ensuring that all the clinics in underprivileged communities are well equipped with immunization kits and creation of awareness through the media and social media platforms. Promotion of surveillance programs aimed at studying risks of illnesses in different communities is also important. Disease surveillance will promote early detection of infectious illnesses and provide public health professionals with an adequate amount of time to respond to emergencies. Your input and support in promoting these practices will be highly appreciated.

Sincerely,

Student’s Name

References

Lee, E. O., Rosenthal, L., & Scheffler, G. (2013, November 14). The Effect of Childhood Vaccine Exemptions on Disease Outbreaks. Retrieved from Center for American Progress: https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/healthcare/reports/2013/11/14/76471/the-effect-of-childhood-vaccine-exemptions-on-disease-outbreaks/

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2018, September 18). Immunization and Infectious Diseases. Retrieved from HealthyPeople.gov: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/immunization-and-infectious-diseases

Ward, E. M., Flowers, C. R., Gansler, T., Omer, S. B., & Bednarczyk, R. A. (2017, July 28). The Importance of Immunization in Cancer Prevention, Treatment, and Survivorship. Retrieved from A Cancer Journal for Clinicians: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.3322/caac.21407