Sample Geography Research Proposal on Information on Adolescent Pregnancy and Maternal Morbidity

Information on Adolescent Pregnancy and Maternal Morbidity

Introduction

Pregnancy, generally in Bozeman City and the entire United States (US), is accepted after one has gotten into marriage, and marriage is a universal thing in the US as well as other nations of the world. An early marriage reflects an early pregnancy, with adolescent marriage being common in some cases leading to a troublesome maternal life. In some severe cases, this type of pregnancy leads to unnecessarily maternal death alongside child death. The reports by the World Health Organization (WHO) states that on a daily basis, there are approximately 800 women losing their lives from various preventable causes that are related to pregnancy and childbirth. On that note, this paper provides a research proposal that seeks to find relevant information regarding the effect of adolescent pregnancy on maternal morbidity in Bozeman City.

Problem Statement

In most cases, adolescents are not entirely physically prepared to face the various health complications that are related to childbirth (Souza, João P., et al 3) A general statement related to the same is that provided that fruit is of low quality, then there are higher chances that it will provide a result that is of less as well as low quality. Therefore, for a young and small mother, there are high chances that she will deliver not only a small but also a weak baby who may fail to survive. A good population of children from adolescent mothers risk increased incidence rate of relatively lower birth weight and stillbirth among other complications that are related to birth.

In Bozeman City, the percentage of underweight children is close to 40% of the entire birth with majority contributed by adolescent mothers. WHO further argues that maternal mortality arising from morbidity by pregnancy is mostly reported among the women residing in rural areas as well as among middle-income societies such as the community in Bozeman City. Maternal morbidity (MM) is a crucial aspect which may be influenced further by an early pregnancy, and in this case, from early marriage.

Possible Findings

The following information is some of the possible findings from this particular research in Bozeman City.

1.    Adolescent marriage in the population of Bozeman City is an outcome of poorness, and in this case of the low-class societies in the region, leading to increased early pregnancy.

2.    Adolescent marriage makes the life of the majority of the girls in the region to be unsafe characterized with high levels of insecurity.

3.    Adolescent pregnancy (AP) exposes quite some mothers and children to undergo a lot of trouble with suffering.

4.    This particular type of pregnancy adversely impacts on the health of children.

5.    A good number of mothers and children lose their lives due to early pregnancy.

6.    Teenage pregnancy has always been a significant problem in development, with an increase in population densities and dependency ratios in Bozeman City.

Impact of the Findings

After undertaking a detailed analysis of the causes as well as adverse impacts of adolescence marriage, the solution can be implication new policies which will positively impact on the region’s development. After establishing the facts on AP and its impacts on maternal morbidity, the policy makers within the region and government can come up with new decisions regarding the same.

Study Goal

The study will be undertaken with the main goal of increasing as well as accelerating comprehension of the maternal health of young mothers who undergo quite some complications that are health related. There exists a relation between AP and associated outcomes of MM.

Objectives.

1.    To establish information on the causes adolescent marriage in the Bozeman City.

2.    Gather information on how AP impacts on MM.

Research Question

1.    What causes girls in Bozeman City to get married in the adolescent stage?

2.    What are the possible effects of AP on MM?

Limitation of the Research

This research will have to be undertaken by a cross-sectional study, without ensuring the casualty. This is the greatest limitation of this particular study, with most of the outcomes based on “self-report” of those whom will be approached to give responses, with vulnerability to recall biases.

Literature Review

Most women in the United States, particularly in the rural areas and low-class societies, have been facing different types of complications over the last three decades, with the majority of them consulting untrained service providers (Whitbeck and Crawford 9). In most cases, the adoption of medical facilities, particularly for obstetric complications emerged to be positively associated with the age and education of women, among other related issues. Scholars have argued that the situation of MM in Bozeman City is considered unacceptable. It appeared to be having a higher prevalence of morbidity among ladies compared to their male counterparts, with the morbidity arising from early age pregnancy (Fridman, et al 7).

Methodology

This particular study will be undertaken with a cross-sectional design with the construction of an interview schedule for data collection basing on the conceptual framework developed after reviewing literature. The study will adopt a quantitative strategy which will be testing some of the existing theories, with a non-probability sampling with a sample size of 300.  

Works Cited

Fridman, Moshe, PhD., et al. “Trends in Maternal Morbidity before and during Pregnancy in California.”American Journal of Public Health, vol. 104, no. 1, 2014., pp. S49-S57, http://search.proquest.com/docview/1499838468?accountid=45049.

Souza, João P., et al. “Maternal Near Miss and Maternal Death in the World Health Organization’s 2005 Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health.”World Health Organization.Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 88, no. 2, 2010., pp. 113-9, http://search.proquest.com/docview/229581891?accountid=45049.

Whitbeck, Les B., and Devan M. Crawford. “Gestational Risks and Psychiatric Disorders among Indigenous Adolescents.”Community mental health journal, vol. 45, no. 1, 2009., pp. 62-72doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-008-9172-5.