Sample Geography Paper on Major Water Bodies and Physical Features in Seoul (South Korea)


Seoul (South Korea)

Major water bodies and physical features

With a long socio-cultural and political history, Seoul, unlike most other cities ion South Korea is relatively endorsed with rich and extensive major water bodies and other physical features. Seoul is approximately 240 square miles and is traversed by the great Han River (originally a trade route to China) (Woo-Seok, & Watts, 2012, p 123). Correspondingly, the City of Seoul is also surrounded by a number of mountains such as the Hambaek-san Mountain that contributes to the cool weather experiences around the City throughout of the year.

 However, most of the city Seoul are relatively flat given that the city is located on the plains of River Han (Woo-Seok, & Watts, 2012, p 125). The climate of this city, according to the Metrological Department of South Korea is generally viewed as subtropical and humid continental with most summers being hot. Other rivers in Seoul includes the Naktong, the Piukhan and the Kum and are in most cases originating from the Halla-san and Kyebang-san mountains (Woo-Seok, & Watts, 2012, p 128).          

Description of the City’s organization

The city of Seoul is divided into twenty five administrative segments that are referred to as GU that ae semi-autonomous with own small Government (Salmenkari, 2009, p. 87). The GU are further divided into Dong that are considered as neighborhoods in Seoul. The sizes of GU and Dong do vary in size and population composition and depends on the physical infrastructures defining that particular region. Most of the populace in South Korea lives in the towns and cities with Seoul having a population of close to 25 million people (Salmenkari, 2009, p. 89).  

City’s transportation network

The city’s current transportation network is based on modern technological advancements with most parts of the city showcasing sophistication in infrastructural development (Lee, 2007, p. 34). Since the Joseon Dynasty, from the ancient Seoul, the ports along the banks of the rivers are currently bridges. This boom in transportation sector in Seoul can traced back to the Korean Empire becoming one of the most crucial hub for transportation in Asia (Lee, 2007, p. 36). Ranging from the extensive Bus Terminals to the modern airports in the city, Seoul is poised to become a global hub for transportation.

The Gimpo international airport, during the era of Korean War arguably the only notable air transport system in the whole of Seoul and South Korea. But since then, a number of airports have sprung up in the city and serves as the gateway to the global community (Lee, 2007, p. 39). Approximately 15 subways interlinks the districts found within the city of Seoul and other surrounding regions and are relatively cost effective. The Taxis and trains in Seoul also connects the most parts of the City with other regions within the country (Lee, 2007, p. 43). For instance, the KTX bullet trains connecting major Korean cities has to a large extent boosted transportation and communication in Seoul. The frequency and ease of the transportation system in Seoul saw the city being voted as the best in the world (Lee, 2007, p. 44).          

Evidence of connectivity to surrounding regions

The extensive subways in most parts of the city are an explicit indication of the level of connectivity in the City of Seoul. For instance, the various color lines in the subways indicates the various connections in the city easing the contemporary traffic issues in the city.


Lee, K. S. (2007). A social geography of Greater Seoul. Pochinchai Printing Co., Seoul.

Lee, K., Jung, W. S., Park, J. S., & Choi, M. Y. (2008). Statistical analysis of the Metropolitan Seoul Subway System: Network structure and passenger flows. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 387(24), 6231-6234.

Salmenkari, T. (2009). Geography of protest: places of demonstration in Buenos Aires and Seoul. Urban Geography, 30(3), 239-260.

Woo-Seok, K., & Watts, P. (2012). The Plant Geography of Korea: with an emphasis on the Alpine Zones (Vol. 19). Springer Science & Business Media.