Sample Essay Paper on Compare and Contrast State and Federal Government pharmacies

Compare and Contrast State and Federal Government pharmacies


All pharmacies and their technicians are employed, registered, and regulated by the Local, National (State), or Federal Government agencies (Bond, Raehl, & Franke, 2002, p. 1490). They include units within municipalities, State Medicaid, military health services and veterans’ affairs and Public Health Services among other service providers across the country. Pharmacists, therefore, have diversified job descriptions and opportunities making the profession and personalities a necessity in the public domain.


 For instance, Pharmacists acts as residential and mobile clinicians in the society, researchers in the field of medicine among other administrative and social roles in the society. Correspondingly, Pharmacists in the US do offer a wide range of services that entails the provision of direct patient care and counselling, drug prescription and dispensing, running departments and revision of introduced drug applications. They perform all these under the supervision and directions of the Government authorities and some constitutional provisions (Bond, Raehl, & Franke, 2002, p. 1493). However, as a pharmacist it is prudent to understand the roles within the health sector that are performed either as state or federal pharmacist (Shabir, 2003, p. 59). The federal authority through the Food and Drugs Administration, (FDA), sets the threshold for approval of new drugs to be administered in the USA, controls package inserts, controls the promotion and advertising of drugs and related products, accepts new drug applications, and processes emergent recalls in cases of non-compliance, complications or adverse side effects (Shabir, 2003, p. 62).

Besides, such agencies ensure practical application of scientifically proven methods in manufacturing, processing, and dispensation of drug products (Shabir, 2003, p. 64). Likewise, the presence of the government in the Medicinal sector is overseen by a Federal agency, the Drug Enforcement Agency under the US Department of Justice (Anderson, 2002, p. 392). Essentially, this body ensures full implementation and compliance to the Controlled Substances Act provisions, tracks down manufacturers and buyers of the controlled products and investigates emergent violations within its scope of operations. Additionally, this agency sets the acceptable policies, guidelines, regulations, standards and definitions that govern the health sector and uniformity in service delivery in all parts of the US. Furthermore, the body is also entrusted with the allocation and issuance of the DEA numbers to the various practitioners operating in the US (Anderson, 2002, p. 396).

The State governments, on the other hand, emphasize their authority in the health sector through a Board of Pharmacy. Each state has a convened Board that licenses the pharmacy business, technicians, and practitioners within its territory and jurisdiction. Additionally, States are also expected to formulate laws that set requirements and customize the operation guidelines in the localities coupled with investigating those who violates the stipulated provisions. In the State addition, the State agencies also set some of the regulation for controlled substances that are not covered under the DEA provisions (Anderson, 2002, p. 399). Notably, the management of the healthcare sector is independently but co-operatively done by these agencies such as the DEA. For instance, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations is responsible for watching over the pharmacy technicians and operating firms in the US (Rupp, DeYoung, & Schondelmeyer, 2002, p. 929). It acts as the third party auditors in the insurance sector, ensures quality service provision, bridging the compliance and delivery gaps, regulation and review of policies, and provision of a platform for collective advocacy.


The above discussions are explicit on the effective and efficient departmental dependence within and across the agency boards under both the States and Federal provisions. For instance, most of these State and Federal agencies aims at providing quality health services (Rupp, DeYoung, & Schondelmeyer, 2002, p. 932). For this reasons, such agencies are responsible for conducting a comprehensive research on various drugs, manufacturing and setting of ethical standards in the supply and consumption of the drugs. Similarly, the agencies carry out diagnosis, prescription and dispensation of the drugs to the various patients. 


Anderson, S. (2002). The state of the world’s pharmacy: a portrait of the pharmacy profession. Journal of interprofessional care, 16(4), 391-404.

Bond, C. A., Raehl, C. L., & Franke, T. (2002). Clinical pharmacist staffing in United States hospitals. Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy, 22(11), 1489-1499.

Rupp, M. T., DeYoung, M., & Schondelmeyer, S. W. (2002). Prescribing problems and pharmacist interventions in community practice. Medical care, 926-940.

Shabir, G. A. (2003). Validation of high-performance liquid chromatography methods for pharmaceutical analysis: Understanding the differences and similarities between validation requirements of the US Food and Drug Administration, the US Pharmacopeia and the International Conference on Harmonization. Journal of chromatography A, 987(1), 57-66.